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Module 1 – (L1-L3) Introduction and Basic Concepts

Concept of watershed, introduction to watershed management, different stakeholders and their relative importance, watershed p , management policies and decision making.

2 Watershed Management &

Stakeholder Analysis

11

1

2 Stakeholder Analysis

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L2

L2–Watershed Management &

L2

L2 Watershed Management &

Stakeholder Analysis

Topics Covered

Topics Covered

Watershed system; Watershed Management (WM) Watershed system; Watershed Management (WM) -- Objectives, Components & Benefits; WM

Objectives, Components & Benefits; WM-- Multiple use, Multiple use, Objectives, Components & Benefits; WM

Objectives, Components & Benefits; WM Multiple use, Multiple use, Multi disciplinary approach, Stakeholder analysis,

Multi disciplinary approach, Stakeholder analysis, Role of stakeholders in WM development plans;

Role of stakeholders in WM development plans;

People’s participation; Case Study.

People’s participation; Case Study.

Keywords: Keywords: yy

Watershed management objectives, Development Watershed management objectives, Development plans, Multi disciplinary approach, Stakeholder analysis, People plans, Multi disciplinary approach, Stakeholder analysis, People participation.

participation.

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay 22

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Goals: Watershed System Integrity Goals: Watershed System Integrity y y g g y y

Resource Standards Conservation goals

Resources/

Standards / Conservation Environmental

Objectives

Watershed Approach

Conservation Goals

Co-ordinate

Natural Resource Management Natural Resources Management programmes tools

Watershed Approach Framework

g p g

And Resources

Natural Resources Management Programmes tools and resources

33

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Watershed Management at Watershed Management at Different Levels

Different Levels Different Levels Different Levels

Watershed Management Watershed Management

Local Watershed

Social Framework Statewide Framework Social Framework

Individual

Watershed Regional

Framework

Watershed

Protection Project

Regional Framework

44

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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Objectives of Watershed Management Objectives of Watershed Management

Wise Wise use use of of soil soil water water & & vegetation vegetation-- optimum optimum

Wise Wise use use of of soil, soil, water water & & vegetation vegetation optimum optimum production

production-- mini mini.. hazard hazard to to natural natural resources resources

Industrial utilization & development of lands: Industrial utilization & development of lands:

Conserve water, more income, reduce drought Conserve water, more income, reduce drought

Prevention and retardation of floods through Prevention and retardation of floods through construction of reservoirs

construction of reservoirs construction of reservoirs construction of reservoirs

Provision of adequate water for agricultural, Provision of adequate water for agricultural, industrial and domestic purpose

industrial and domestic purpose industrial and domestic purpose industrial and domestic purpose

Abatement of soil, water and air pollution Abatement of soil, water and air pollution

Creation of recreational facilities e.g. lakes Creation of recreational facilities e.g. lakes g g

Utilize natural resources Utilize natural resources-- improving agriculture improving agriculture

55

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Components of Watershed Management Components of Watershed Management

1 Foundation Practices:

1 Foundation Practices:

1. Foundation Practices:

1. Foundation Practices:

-- Engineering & biological measures for Engineering & biological measures for soil and water conservation

soil and water conservation soil and water conservation soil and water conservation

-- Contour farming, diversion bunds, Contour farming, diversion bunds,

grades of vegetative bunds, terraces, grades of vegetative bunds, terraces, check dams etc.

check dams etc.

-- Water storage structures :Nullah Water storage structures :Nullah

bunds gully plugs bunds percolation bunds gully plugs bunds percolation bunds, gully plugs, bunds, percolation bunds, gully plugs, bunds, percolation tanks

tanks

-- Alternate land uses in the non Alternate land uses in the non--arable Alternate land uses in the non Alternate land uses in the non arable arable arable lands: Afforestation and plantation of lands: Afforestation and plantation of fodder and fuel trees

fodder and fuel trees

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay 66

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Contd

Contd…. ….

2

2 Improved Production practices Improved Production practices 2.

2. Improved Production practices Improved Production practices –

– In In--situ water conservation situ water conservation –

– Agricultural water management Agricultural water management

Improved crop and cropping systems Improved crop and cropping systems –

– Improved crop and cropping systems Improved crop and cropping systems

Foundation practices depend upon financial Foundation practices depend upon financial i id d b h

i id d b h

assistance provided by the government assistance provided by the government

Production practices depend upon the Production practices depend upon the p p p p p p people participation

people participation

77

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Benefits of Watershed Management Benefits of Watershed Management

Control flood drought Control flood drought

Control flood, drought Control flood, drought

Reduce erosion and sediment production Reduce erosion and sediment production

Maximize productivity per unit area, time & water Maximize productivity per unit area, time & water

Increase crop intensity Increase crop intensity p p y y

Utilization of marginal or waste lands through Utilization of marginal or waste lands through alternate land use systems

alternate land use systems a te ate a d use syste s a te ate a d use syste s

Ensure ecological balance Ensure ecological balance

Maximize combined income Maximize combined income

Maximize combined income Maximize combined income

Stabilize income in unfavorable conditions Stabilize income in unfavorable conditions

88

Social upliftment Social upliftment

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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Watershed Management Strategies Watershed Management Strategies

Preventive strategies

Preventive strategies

i i i i

Preventive strategies Preventive strategies – –

preserve existing preserve existing sustainable land use strategies.

sustainable land use strategies.

– Prevent problems in a watershedPrevent problems in a watershedPrevent problems in a watershedPrevent problems in a watershed

Restorative strategies Restorative strategies – –

designed to overcome designed to overcome identified problems

identified problems –– to restore conditions in a watershed to restore conditions in a watershed identified problems

identified problems to restore conditions in a watershed to restore conditions in a watershed to desirable level .

to desirable level . –

– To restore conditions once problems occurred.To restore conditions once problems occurred.

In most cases In most cases – – WM between two extremes: WM between two extremes:

Routine preventive strategies & some Restorative Routine preventive strategies & some Restorative strategies

strategies strategies.

strategies.

Preventive strategies Preventive strategies – – key to WM key to WM

99

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Watershed Management

Watershed Management – – multiple use multiple use

Aim of multiple use:

Aim of multiple use:

To To

manage natural resources manage natural resources --

most beneficial combination most beneficial combination Resources Products

Water Irrigation,

Municipal most beneficial combination most beneficial combination for present & future uses

for present & future uses

Resource Oriented:

Resource Oriented:

Municipal industrial and Recreation

Ti b P l W d F l

Resource Oriented: Resource Oriented:

production capabilities of production capabilities of natural resources

natural resources Timber Pulp, Wood, Fuel,

Recreation

Forage Livestock, Wild

Area Oriented:

Area Oriented: Based on Based on dynamics of local,

dynamics of local,

g ,

life, Recreation Wildlife Consumption,

Recreation

yy

regional and national regional and national demands

demands

Recreation

Minerals Depends on type of mineral

10

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay 10

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Multi

Multi--Disciplinary Approach in WM Disciplinary Approach in WM

Scoping and

data gathering Planners, Scientists, public

outreach experts, stakeholders Assessment Ecologists, Hydrologists,

Engineers, Economists Priorities and

targets Stakeholders, Officials, Scientists, Planners

Plan

Development

Planners, Stakeholders,

Officials, Scientists, Engineers Development

Implementation

Officials, Scientists, Engineers Stakeholders, Regulators,

11 11

Implementation , g ,

Technical support, experts

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Concept of Stakeholders Concept of Stakeholders

“Stakeholder”

“Stakeholder” --

AnyAny groupgroup ofof people,people, organizedorganized oror unorganized

unorganized whowho shareshare aa commoncommon interestinterest oror stakestake unorganized,

unorganized, whowho shareshare aa commoncommon interestinterest oror stakestake in

in aa particularparticular issueissue oror systemsystem..

12 12

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

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Importance of stakeholders Importance of stakeholders

Stakeholders involvement Stakeholders involvement -- key aspects in the key aspects in the success to implement development activities success to implement development activities success to implement development activities success to implement development activities

Involvement of stakeholders helps Involvement of stakeholders helps -- dovetailing dovetailing f f d l f d d h

f f d l f d d h

of funds, supply of goods and human of funds, supply of goods and human

resources required for project implementation resources required for project implementation

Involvement of stakeholders Involvement of stakeholders -- leads to a leads to a confidence building process for community confidence building process for community b d j t

b d j t based projects based projects

13

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002 13

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

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Stakeholder Analysis (SA) Stakeholder Analysis (SA) y y ( ( ) )

Stakeholder analysis Stakeholder analysis -- generate knowledge generate knowledge about relevant actors

about relevant actors -- to understand their to understand their about relevant actors

about relevant actors to understand their to understand their behavior , intentions, inter

behavior , intentions, inter--relations, agendas, relations, agendas, interest and influence and resources they

interest and influence and resources they bring to bear on decision making process bring to bear on decision making process

Stakeholder analysis Stakeholder analysis -- tool for policy tool for policy formulation and implementation

formulation and implementation

Developed Developed -- to p p to challenge challenge of g g of multiple multiple objectives p p objectives jj and

and interests interests

14 14

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

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Steps for Stakeholder Analysis (SA) Steps for Stakeholder Analysis (SA) p p y y ( ( ) )

Stakeholder Identification Stakeholder Identification

Development of relevant issues and their Development of relevant issues and their

Development of relevant issues and their Development of relevant issues and their characterization

characterization

Discussion with regional and local subject Discussion with regional and local subject

Discussion with regional and local subject Discussion with regional and local subject matter expert (formal as well as non

matter expert (formal as well as non--formal formal interview)

interview)))

Focused group discussion Focused group discussion

Semi Semi--structured interviews structured interviews

Development of Influence Development of Influence--interest mat interest matrix rix

15 15

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

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Stakeholders Identification Stakeholders Identification

16 16

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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Developmental Issues & Methods Developmental Issues & Methods p p

Cross cutting system & stakeholder interestsCross cutting system & stakeholder interests

Multiple uses and users of the ResourcesMultiple uses and users of the Resources

Multiple uses and users of the ResourcesMultiple uses and users of the Resources

Subtractability and temporal tradeSubtractability and temporal trade--offsoffs

Poverty and underPoverty and under--representationrepresentation

Methods Methods

Focus group discussion Focus group discussion –– People’s opinion People’s opinion ––

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

Interactive

Interactive –– gives data & insight. Eg. Women groupgives data & insight. Eg. Women group

SemiSemi--structured interviews: about natural resources, structured interviews: about natural resources, problems & solutions.

problems & solutions.

problems & solutions.

problems & solutions.

Interest Interest ––Influence Matrix: to understand the relative Influence Matrix: to understand the relative interests and influence of the stakeholders

interests and influence of the stakeholders

17 17

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USEPA Approaches USEPA Approaches

Stakeholder involvement is essential to the development Stakeholder involvement is essential to the development –

– eg. Water pollution managementeg. Water pollution management

USEPA USEPA –– Two approachesTwo approaches

Traditional simulation and decision making approach Traditional simulation and decision making approach –– based on command & control

based on command & control -- Stakeholders Stakeholders based on command & control

based on command & control Stakeholders Stakeholders involvement

involvement –– after most decisions madeafter most decisions made

Decision support system for stakeholder involvement Decision support system for stakeholder involvement --

I l t k h ld t k t d i i

I l t k h ld t k t d i i

Involves stakeholders to make management decisions Involves stakeholders to make management decisions -- Guides stakeholders through the decision making Guides stakeholders through the decision making process

process –– Fits the needs Fits the needs –– Multiple options accessible.Multiple options accessible.

 WARMF WARMF -- Watershed Analysis Risk Management Watershed Analysis Risk Management Framework

Framework -- Data Module, Engineering Module, Data Module, Engineering Module, Knowledge Module

Knowledge Module -- DSS DSS

18 18

Knowledge Module

Knowledge Module DSS DSS

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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Stakeholder Analysis

Stakeholder Analysis-- road map road map

Module for stakeholders to Module for stakeholders to

Organize themselvesOrganize themselvesgg

Develop a work planDevelop a work plan

IdId tif t lit tif t lit ii

List Organization

Identify water quality issuesIdentify water quality issues

Learn about river basinLearn about river basin Simulate

Formulate alternativesFormulate alternatives

Perform analysisPerform analysisyy

Research ConsensusResearch Consensus

Consensus hi d?

19

Carl and Joel (2004) 19

achieved?.

(20)

SA in WM

SA in WM -- People Participation People Participation

SustainabilitySustainability ofof WMWM programmeprogramme isis notnot possible

possible ifif thethe peoplepeople areare bypassedbypassed inin planning

planning andand decisiondecision makingmaking processesprocesses

RoleRole ofof projectproject implementationimplementation agenciesagencies

CommunityCommunity organizationsorganizations and/orand/or NGOsNGOs

They should make efforts to ensure that They should make efforts to ensure that

They should make efforts to ensure that They should make efforts to ensure that people have control over entire process people have control over entire process

Entire processEntire process-- planning and planning and

Entire processEntire process planning and planning and

implementation, including financial and implementation, including financial and technical monitoring and evaluation

technical monitoring and evaluation

20 20

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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SA in WM

SA in WM -- People Participation.. People Participation..

Promotion Promotion of of sustainable sustainable economic economic development development

 OptimumOptimum utilizationutilization ofof land,land, waterwater andand vegetationvegetation toto mitigate

mitigate thethe adverseadverse effectseffects ofof droughtdrought

 ProvideProvide employmentemployment andand locallocal capacitycapacity buildingbuilding toto generategenerate income

income

Restore Restore ecological ecological balance balance through through community community participation

participation

p p

p p

Improving Improving living living conditions conditions of of the the poorer poorer through through more

more equitable equitable resources resources distribution distribution

21 21

more

more equitable equitable resources resources distribution distribution

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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SA in WM

SA in WM -- People Participation.. People Participation..

Ref: A. K. Singh, Eldho T. I., D. Prinz, (2002), ‘Integrated watershed approach for combating

22 22

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

g , , , ( ), g pp g

drought in semi-arid region of India: A case of Jhabua watershed’, Journal of Water Science and Technology, Vol. 46(6-7), 2002, pp. 85-92.

(23)

SA in WM

SA in WM -- People Participation.. People Participation..

Ref: A. K. Singh, Eldho T. I., D. Prinz, (2002), ‘Integrated watershed approach for combating drought in semi-arid region of India: A case of Jhabua watershed’, Journal of Water Science and Technology, Vol. 46(6-7), 2002, pp. 85-92.

Natural Resources

M i

Social Mapping

Mapping Mapping

Village Volunteers

Participatory Volunteers

Participatory Appraisal

Prioritising

Implementation

23 23

g Options

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Case Study: Jhabua watershed Case Study: Jhabua watershed

Catchment Area-1800 km2 Avg. rainfall ~750mm/ annum.

57% bl l d

24 24

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

~ 57% arable land

~ 16% notified as forest land.

(25)

Watershed Related Problems Watershed Related Problems

Economically among most backward regions in IndiaEconomically among most backward regions in India

Forest cover Forest cover -- sparsely distributed on sloping landssparsely distributed on sloping lands

Watershed has poor soil depth Watershed has poor soil depth -- 0.300.30--0.40 m in hilly 0.40 m in hilly areas and 1

areas and 1-- 2m in valleys2m in valleys

Classified as drought prone based on agroClassified as drought prone based on agro--ecological ecological

Classified as drought prone based on agroClassified as drought prone based on agro ecological ecological classification

classification

SocioSocio--economiceconomic characteristicscharacteristics -- usersusers ofof naturalnatural eso es

eso es atego i edatego i ed belobelo po e tpo e t lineline resources

resources categorizedcategorized belowbelow povertypoverty lineline

SeasonalSeasonal migrationmigration ((5050%%)) toto nearbynearby urbanurban centerscenters inin search

search ofof jobsjobsjj

Major crops:

Maize, Cotton, Peanuts, Soyabeans;

G Bl k b Oil d

25 25

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

Gram, Black beans, Oil seeds. Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

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Developmental Interventions

Developmental Interventions

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

Developmental interventions taken place at Developmental interventions taken place at

Jhabua

Jhabua Watershed Watershed NGOs ( NGOs (

1990s & 2000s)1990s & 2000s)

Jhabua

Jhabua Watershed Watershed – – NGOs ( NGOs (

1990s & 2000s)1990s & 2000s)

Water harvesting for supplementary irrigationWater harvesting for supplementary irrigation

Soil and water conservationSoil and water conservation

Joint Forest ManagementJoint Forest Management

Joint Forest ManagementJoint Forest Management

Community participation and local capacity buildingCommunity participation and local capacity building

Women empowermentWomen empowerment

W t l tiW t l ti

26 26

Water regulationWater regulation

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

(27)

Community participation and local Community participation and local

it b ildi it b ildi

capacity building capacity building

People in People in Jhabua p p Jhabua watershed watershed -- involved in involved in developmental activities

developmental activities -- conception, conception, planning, financing and maintenance planning, financing and maintenance

Eg Eg. Social mapping & resources mapping was . Social mapping & resources mapping was undertaken together with village community, undertaken together with village community,

& it i (CO)

& it i (CO)

& community organizers (CO).

& community organizers (CO).

Efficient utilization of funds Efficient utilization of funds 10

10 15% i 15% i t t d i i t ti d i i t ti

10 10--15% is spent on administration 15% is spent on administration

85 85--90% are used for actual project 90% are used for actual project implementation activities

implementation activities

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

27 27

implementation activities implementation activities

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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Water Regulation & Forest Management

Water Regulation & Forest Management

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

SelfSelf--regulation: community based watershed regulation: community based watershed monitoring system

monitoring system monitoring system monitoring system

Local people Local people --developed system of water managementdeveloped system of water management

Accounting uncertainties of rainfall and retaining the Accounting uncertainties of rainfall and retaining the

ff f h h d

ff f h h d

runoff from the watershed runoff from the watershed

Sharing of water Sharing of water -- family size & location of fields close family size & location of fields close to source

to source to source to source

Water use priorities had given to Water use priorities had given to –

– Life supporting system than needsLife supporting system than needs-- during droughtduring drought

Joint Forest Management Joint Forest Management –– Forest committees Forest committees --

concept of “Social Fencing”

28 28

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

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Impact Assessment

Impact Assessment

Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

• Forest development – in 10 years (1991-2000) – from 16% to 25-30% forest cover.

16% to 25 30% forest cover.

Water availability improved considerably Water availability improved considerably -- About 2-4m water level increase is observed in selected wells.

d l l

d l l

Improved agricultural output : 30Improved agricultural output : 30-- 100% increase100% increase

Drought proofingDrought proofing

No migrationNo migration

No migrationNo migration

Children goes to schoolChildren goes to school

Women empowermentWomen empowerment Photo, A.K. Singh, 2002

Overall social & economical improvementOverall social & economical improvement

29 29

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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WM Case Study– Lessons Learned

IntegrationIntegration-- appropriate technical & managerial measuresappropriate technical & managerial measures

Successful technical aspects: Successful technical aspects: Success u ecSuccess u ec ca aspec sca aspec s

--Systematic watershed development work, Systematic watershed development work, -- Prioritization of water conservation measuresPrioritization of water conservation measures -- Harvested water for supplementary irrigationHarvested water for supplementary irrigation

Stakeholder analysis in WM Stakeholder analysis in WM

People’s participation from inception to implementationPeople’s participation from inception to implementation

People s participation from inception to implementationPeople s participation from inception to implementation

Restoration of ecological balance through community Restoration of ecological balance through community participation & sustainable development of natural participation & sustainable development of natural resources

resources

Encouragement of available low cost affordable Encouragement of available low cost affordable technologies for easy acceptance

technologies for easy acceptance

30 30

technologies for easy acceptance technologies for easy acceptance

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

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References References

Brugha, R., Varvasovszky,Z.(2000) Brugha, R., Varvasovszky,Z.(2000) Health Policy and PlanningHealth Policy and Planning, Oxford , Oxford University Press , vol. 15(3).

University Press , vol. 15(3).

Carl, W. C., Joel, H., and Laura W.(2004)Carl, W. C., Joel, H., and Laura W.(2004) Decision Support System for Decision Support System for Stakeholder Involvement.

Stakeholder Involvement. Journal of environmental engineering, ASCE.Journal of environmental engineering, ASCE.

Stakeholder Involvement.

Stakeholder Involvement. Journal of environmental engineering, ASCE.Journal of environmental engineering, ASCE.

Reed M et al., (2009) Reed M et al., (2009) Who’s in and why? A tyopology of stakeholdr analysis Who’s in and why? A tyopology of stakeholdr analysis methods for natural resources

methods for natural resources,, Journal of Env. Management.Journal of Env. Management.

Grimble R., Wellard K. (1997) Grimble R., Wellard K. (1997) Stakeholder Methodologies in Natural Stakeholder Methodologies in Natural

Resource Management : a review of principle , context , experiences and Resource Management : a review of principle , context , experiences and

t iti

t iti A i ltA i lt l S tl S t V l 55(2) V l 55(2) opportunities

opportunities,, Agricultural Systems , Vol 55(2).Agricultural Systems , Vol 55(2).

Salam A.,Toshikuni M. (2006) Salam A.,Toshikuni M. (2006) Evaluating capacity development for Evaluating capacity development for

participatory forest management in Bangladesh’s Sal forest based on 4R’s participatory forest management in Bangladesh’s Sal forest based on 4R’s stakeholders analysis, Forest Policy and Economics

stakeholders analysis, Forest Policy and Economics,, pp 785pp 785--796.796.

AnupamAnupam KK..SS..,, EldhoEldho TT.. II....,, andand DieterDieter PP.. ((20022002)) IntegratedIntegrated watershedwatershed

AnupamAnupam KK..SS..,, EldhoEldho TT.. II....,, andand DieterDieter PP.. ((20022002)) IntegratedIntegrated watershedwatershed approach

approach forfor combatingcombating droughtdrought inin semiaridsemiarid regionregion ofof IndiaIndia:: AA casecase ofof Jhabua

Jhabua watershedwatershed,, WaterWater ScienceScience && Technology,Technology, VolVol.. 4646 ((66--77),), pppp 8585--9292

http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5307e/x5307e00.htm#Contentshttp://www.fao.org/docrep/x5307e/x5307e00.htm#Contents

– “ The community’s toolbox: the idea, methods and tools for participatory “ The community’s toolbox: the idea, methods and tools for participatory assessment, monitoring and evaluation in the community forestry”

assessment, monitoring and evaluation in the community forestry”

http://www.sas2.net/tools/socialhttp://www.sas2.net/tools/social--analysisanalysis--techniquestechniques SAS2 S i l A l i T h i

SAS2 S i l A l i T h i

31 31

– SAS2 Social Analysis TechniquesSAS2 Social Analysis Techniques

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Tutorials - Questions!.?.

 A) Discuss the watershed management issues at different levels.

issues at different levels.

B) Illustrate watershed management as a

B) Illustrate watershed management as a multi disciplinary approach.

C) Discuss the USEPA approaches of ) pp Stakeholder analysis.

32 32

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

(33)

Self Evaluation - Questions!. Q

A) What are the important components of watershed management practices?

watershed management practices?.

B) What are the important benefits of watershed management?

watershed management?.

C) In stakeholder analysis, discuss the developmental issues with examples.

developmental issues with examples.

D) Illustrate Stakeholder analysis within the perspective of “People participation”?.

p p p p p

33 33

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Assignment- Questions?. g Q

A) What are the important objectives of watershed management?

watershed management?.

B) Discuss watershed management within the perspectives of “multiple uses” of

the perspectives of multiple uses of resources.

C) Describe the watershed management

C) Describe the watershed management strategies with examples?.

D) With the help of a case study, show the ) p y, importance of Stakeholder Analysis in

Watershed Management?.

34 34

Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay

(35)

Unsolved Problem!.

Unsolved Problem!.

•• Consider a hypothetical situation of canal water Consider a hypothetical situation of canal water supply for a village in India, where water is drawn supply for a village in India, where water is drawn supply for a village in India, where water is drawn supply for a village in India, where water is drawn and regulated from medium size irrigation tank to and regulated from medium size irrigation tank to both u/s and d/s command areas. Draw various both u/s and d/s command areas. Draw various stakeholders formal and informal involved for it stakeholders formal and informal involved for it stakeholders formal and informal involved for it , stakeholders formal and informal involved for it , their individual interests and interest

their individual interests and interest--influence influence matrix for them.

matrix for them.

Hi t F l t k h ld Hi t F l t k h ld

•• Hint: Formal stakeholders Hint: Formal stakeholders A.

A. Governmental agency; B. Village Electoral RepresentativeGovernmental agency; B. Village Electoral Representative C. Formal Associations; D. Association of industries

C. Formal Associations; D. Association of industries A

A RR h h ii ii / / A.

A. Research organization / teamResearch organization / team

Informal stakeholders Informal stakeholders 1.

1. Farmer’s group; 2. Village level community groupFarmer’s group; 2. Village level community group

35 35

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Dr. T. I. Eldho Dr. T. I. Eldho Professor,

Professor,

Department of Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, pp gg gg

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India, 400 076.

Mumbai, India, 400 076.

Email:

Email: eldho@iitb.ac.ineldho@iitb.ac.in

36 36

Email:

Email: eldho@iitb.ac.ineldho@iitb.ac.in Phone: (022)

Phone: (022) –– 25767339; Fax: 2576730225767339; Fax: 25767302

http://www.

http://www.civil.iitb.ac.incivil.iitb.ac.in

References

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