At the same time, there has also been a tremendous change in the pest spectrum and qualitative shift in pest management tactics. Therefore, the organization of a symposium on "Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Crop Protection" is highly timely to critically review the current available and future pest management technologies, and the issues related to their deployment and integration into IPM module for sustainable pest management.
Division of Entomology – Some Leads
Pusa Bin' to prevent losses due to stored insect pests stands out prominently in the annals of entomological research of our country. Currently, insecticide resistance is extensively studied for its effective management in the major insect pests.
Management for Sustainable Crop Protection
24 - 25 February, 2015 Chief Patron
National Advisory Committee
Inaugural Session (10:00 – 11:40)
Deployment Status of Different Pest Management Technologies (12:00 – 17:00)
Panel Discussion: IPM Technologies in Indian Agriculture (16:00 – 17:00) Panelists
25 February, 2015) (Wednesday)
Session IIIA: Deployment & Management of GM Crops Technology in India (09:30–14:40)
Panel Discussion: GM Crops for India: Scope and Challenges (14:00–15:15) Panelists
Plenary Session (15.45 -17:00)
Invited Oral Presentations
Deployment Status of
Different Pest Management Technologies
Chemical Control in Integrated Pest Management
Host Plant Resistance Based Integrated Pest Management
Although considerable progress has been made over the last two decades in manipulating genes from various sources to develop plants with resistance to insect pests, establishing molecular techniques for insect resistance, understanding the nature of gene action and pathways metabolic, but rapid and cost-effective development. , and the approval of biotechnology-derived products will depend on the development of a thorough understanding of the interaction of genes within their genomic environment and with the environment in which their given phenotype interacts. Augmenting conventional breeding with the use of molecular techniques and transgenic approaches holds great promise to reduce pest-related crop losses and accelerate progress in the development of insect-resistant cultivars and increase crop productivity.
Biochemical Interactions for Host Plant Resistance to Insect Pests
Even without knowing the biochemical components involved, these interactions can be used to protect plants against insect pests. Once identified, the information about specific compounds involved in insect-host interactions can be used for the development of resistant varieties.
Biological Control for Pest Management
Papaya meal bug discount in last few years resulted in 60-80% reduction in papaya production in Tamil Nadu. These parasitoids, especially Acerophagus papayae, established themselves very well and brought significant control of papaya mealy bug not only on papaya but also on other crops.
Pest Management Through Cultural and Agronomic Manipulations
P. Singh* and Sunita Yadav Department of Entomology
A high seed rate application is recommended in crops where the removal of infested plants is beneficial in reducing the incidence of insect pests. However, the control of insect pests through cultural manipulation may not be effective under modern production methods and requires a continuous effort to develop according to the suitability of the agricultural ecosystem.
The Industrial Perspectives of Biopesticides
Role of Agrochemicals and Stewardship in Integrated Pest Management
Integration of Programs and Functionaries for Integrated Pest Management
Future efforts in India must address the issue of future climate in pest management. Research needs to be more focused on meeting the needs of farmers in solving field-related problems.
Deployment and Management of GM Crops Technology in India
Status and Future GM Crop Technologies for Pest Management
RNAi Mediated GM Technology for Pest Management
Baum and his team initially developed dsRNA GM maize plants targeting the Snf7 ortholog in western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera (Coleoptera), in 2007. Similarly, Mao and his team transformed cotton plants to produce dsRNA that reduced the expression of the P450 gene in cotton bollworms, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera) causing adverse effects on bollworms, but no mortality was observed.
Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of GM Crops in India
We need to make these debates more structured and targeted so that pragmatic actions can be initiated at government level. Finally, if both the public and private sectors provide alternative and competitive technologies, much of the debate, especially in developing countries like ours, can be diluted; we must ignore the remaining protests, but with continued and careful stewardship activities.
Farmers’ Perspectives About Transgenic Crops in India
Emphasis should be placed on expanding the role of public extension system in the deployment and dissemination of transgenic technology. Necessary initiatives are required in areas of biosafety regulatory mechanism, capacity building of stakeholders for careful adherence to biosafety measures, and involvement of farmers and extension workers in the deployment of transgenics to harness the potential benefits of transgenic technology with adequate biosafety.
Status of Insect Pest Problems and Their Management in GM Cotton
What is also desired is the availability in the public domain of rigorous evidence based on scientific experiments and explanations about biosafety facts and related health concerns. Concerted educational campaign efforts, scientist-end-user interface, additional literature and aids, large-scale demonstration and scientific explanation of biosafety concerns and misconceptions will go a long way in developing favorable perception and acceptance. expanded transgenic technology. Since farmers find the public extension system to be the most reliable and trustworthy source of information, it is essential to develop programs to build the capacity of extension workers in transgenic technology so that they can make the desired educational efforts, which are often overlooked by the seed. agencies currently.
Occasional occurrence of the cotton leafroller Sylepta derogata has also been observed in northern India.
Resistance Monitoring and Management in Transgenic Crops
In fact, there have been as many as 546 cases of insecticide resistance, cross-resistance and multiple resistance in target pests to date. There is a need for a mixture only if the target pest has developed resistance to one of its components and the spectrum of the pest is wide enough. Sometimes pesticide mixtures contain more than two components that may be homologous to insects or heterologous to more than one species of pest.
Melander's (1914) foresight to intentionally leave some insects untreated with insecticides applies even 100 years later to resistance management.
Refuge Strategy for Bt Resistance Management in GM Cotton
In conclusion, the success of Bt cotton in India also places a great responsibility on scientists and policy makers for its sustenance. In the face of poor adherence to recommended planting of 'refuge' non-Bt crops, the sustainability of the technology is at risk, as the strong selection pressure of a Bt cotton crop has the potential to trigger the development of bollworm resistance to the technology. A scientifically sound approach to 'Refuge' delivered through mixing Bt and non-Bt cotton seeds in a single bag is being experimented with and appears to be a robust field viable option that needs to be encouraged and rapidly adopted.
Insecticide Resistance Monitoring and Management in Major Field Crops and Cropping Systems
The unnecessary use of insecticides, the same or from the same group, the elimination of natural enemies, the use of low or high doses can also lead to the development of resistance to insecticides. Due to the development of resistance in insects to insecticides, the monitoring and management of insecticide resistance is a priority for sustainable pest management. The failure of cotton harvest in different cotton growing areas of the world indicated the lack of awareness and strategies for managing resistance.
The success of IRM in cotton is a classic example in several cotton-growing countries that revived the cultivation of cotton after failure due to the development of resistance to bollworms and related problems with excessive use of insecticides.
The New IRM Implementation Paradigm Emerging from Latin America and its Implications for India
IRM strategies were subsequently adopted in many cotton-growing countries, resulting in reduced insecticide use with increased production and higher profits. Thus, resistance management is an integral part of integrated pest management, which combines chemical and non-chemical controls to achieve safe, economical and sustainable control of pest populations.
Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Crop Protection: The Way Forward
The way forward replicates some of the achievements in IPM such as the Ashta project, the FFS concept and the IRM success in cotton. Furthermore, grape pest management through the monitoring program has shown that a substantial reduction in chemical use can be achieved without any residue problem. To increase the reach of IPM among farmers, it is also essential to invest in the development of warning technologies for epidemiologically potential pests.
Similarly, strengthening the monitoring mechanisms and training the farmers through transfer of technologies will be of great help in the adoption of IPM in the future.
Evaluation of Efficacy of Some Novel Chemical Insecticides Against Stem Borer, Chilo partellus
Swinhoe) in Maize
Pradeep Kumar, Gaje Singh,* Mange Ram and Rohit Rana Department of Entomology
Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) Using Chemical Method in Chickpea
Insect Pests Management in Tomato
Therefore, we tested the effectiveness of newer insecticides for the management of whitefly and jassids in tomato under field conditions. For whitefly and leafhopper control, fipronil 5% SC was found to be most effective among all tested insecticides, followed by profenofos 50% EC.
Effect of Seed Treatment With Insecticides on Grain Yield and Infestation of Termite
Effect of Newer Insecticides and Biopesticides on the Population of Tobacco Caterpillar
Sameer Khan 1 , Mazhar Husain 2 * and Subhash Chander 2
Management of Sucking Insect Pests of Capsicum Under Protected Cultivation
Toxic Effects of Herbicides on the Life Table Parameters of Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister
Fazil Hasan and M. Shafiq Ansari*
Doubling time (DT) was 10.09 days in untreated control and extended to 17.32 days in glyphosate-exposed groups.
Effect of Profenofos on Four Populations of Phenacoccus solenopsis and it Parasitoid
Susceptibility of Laboratory and Field Populations of Chilo Partellus (Swinhoe)
The increased sensitivity of continuously laboratory-reared populations in the current studies may be due to some deleterious genetic effects or to inbreeding depression that occurred during the continuous laboratory rearing for 3 and 8 generations. This therefore suggests careful selection of test insects for insecticide testing.
Estimation of Economic Threshold Level of Aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) on Fenugreek
Contact Toxicity of Two Insecticides on Egg Parasitoids, Trichogramma chilonis and
Residue Analysis of Effective Insecticides Used Against Honeydew Moth, Cryptoblabes Gnidiella
Miller in Sorghum Grains
Host Plant Resistance
Host Plant Resistance: A Base Component of Integrated Pest Management
K. Dhillon* and Fazil Hasan Division of Entomology
Developmental Biology of Spotted Stem Borer Chilo partellus on Diverse Maize Types and Their
Varietal Screening of Mungbean, Vigna radiata Genotypes for Resistance Against Cowpea Pulse
Beetles, Callosobruchus maculatus Fabricius
Screening of Wheat Genotypes for Resistance and Testing Efficacy of Powdered Spices Against
More Onkar Vijaykumar, Gaje Singh,* Mange Ram and Rohit Rana Department of Entomology
Donor Validation Studies on Rice Differential Varieties Against Rice Brown Planthopper,
Oviposition Preference of Spodoptera litura vis-à-vis Age of Cauliflower Host Plant
Therefore, the present studies were conducted to determine the age of cauliflower plant most preferred for oviposition by S . The age of the plants was categorized based on the leaf age and the total lifespan of the cauliflower in the rainy season. In the choice test, the number of egg masses ranged from 0.25 to 4.75, with the highest value at 65 DAS (days after sowing) of the crop.
However, no significant correlation was observed between plant age and number of egg masses.
Impact of Beneficial Arthropods on Sugarcane Insect Pests in Haryana
S. Ahlawat and Dalip Kumar*
Linn.) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer) Infesting Brassica Crops for Maintaining Environmental Sustainability
Shabistana Nisar* and Parvez Qamar Rizvi Department of Plant Protection
Biological Control With Reference to Integrated Pest Management in Sugarcane
Status of Hymenoptera Associated with Galls
Golive Prasanthi* and Debjani Dey Division of Entomology
Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis Strains Against Aphis gossypii Glover
Rajashekhar Mandla*, Anubhav Mittal and Vinay Kalia Division of Entomology
Evaluation of Vegetable Oils as Grain Protectant Against Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius) on
Maize Under Storage Conditions
Laboratory studies were conducted at the Institute of Pesticide Formulation Technology, Gurgaon to elicit the repellent efficacy of Crotalaria burhia Buch.-Ham and Anacardium occidentale L.
Effect of Neemazal on Fitness of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner)
Shafiq Ansari and Salman Ahmad*
Laboratory Evaluation of Different Botanicals Against Red Cotton Bug, Dysdercus cingulatus
Uzma Manzoor* and Masarrat Haseeb Department of Plant Protection
Biocontrol Potential of Native Bacillus Thuringiensis Strains Isolated from
Veeranna Daravath, Anubhav Mittal and Vinay Kalia*
Entomopathogenic Fungus: Reliable and Effective Tool of Integrated Pest Management
Nano-Pesticides: Solution for a Cleaner and Greener Agriculture
Sorabh Chaudhary *1 , Mukesh Kumar 1 , Sushma Sagar 1 , Siddarth N
Nitika Vihan 3 , Akash Tomar 3 and Lakshman Prasad 4
Cultural and Agronomic Manipulation
Effect of Trap and Intercropping on the Management of Helicoverpa Armigera in
Salman Ahmad and M Shafiq Ansari*
Supression of Biotic Stress in Mustard Through Microenvironment Improvement by Selecting
Appropriate Crop Row Direction
Aphid Population in Mustard Under Conservation Agriculture in Rice-Mustard Cropping System
Sodium Silicate Promotes the Growth Parameters of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill
Chanchal Malhotra and Riti Thapar Kapoor*
Integrated Pest Management
Adoption of IPM Practices in Paddy Crop in Haryana
Integrated Pest Management of Diamond Back Moth in Cruciferous Crops
Suresh Kumar Dotasara*, Pawan Kumar Singh Devendra Singh and Akshay Kumar
IPM Modules for Management of Yellow Stem Borer in Irrigated Rice Ecosystem
Devendra Singh*, Ram Singh Umrao, Kalpna Verma Akshay Kumar, Narender Kumar and Vikrant
Eco-friendly Management of Insect Pests in Maize and Sorghum
Global Trade and Risk of Intensive Pest Management of Insect Pests
Honey Bees & Pollinators
Pollinators: A Key to Successful and Sustainable IPM
Animals provide pollination services for more than 75% of all staple crops and 90% of all flowering plants in the world. In India, more than 55 Mha of the cultivation area's 160 Mha is under bee-dependent crops. India is one of the regions with great diversity of pollinators and native honey bee species.
This fact is emphasized by an estimate that pollination services by honey bees result in 20 times more product value than the value of honey and wax produced by them.
Diversity and Abundance of Insect Pollinators and Impact of Mode of Pollination on Yield Parameters
Diversity of Bee Fauna in Organic vis-a-vis Conventional Agro-ecosystems of
Doon Valley, Uttarakhand
Effect of Different Modes of Pollination on Quantitative and Qualitative Parameters
Pritish Jakhar*, Yogesh Kumar, Ombir, Arun Janu and Prashant Kaushik
Diversity of Bee Pollinator Fauna and Their Influence on Productivity of Mustard
Insect Gut Microbes
Potential Competitiveness of Asia I and Asia II -1 Populations of Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci
Association of Gut Bacterial Community in Developmental Stages of Two Indian Populations
Diversity of Bacterial Flora in the Gut of Plutella xylostella and Helicoverpa armigera Larvae
Determination of Thermal Constant and Development Threshold for the Development of
Gram Pod Borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner)
Influence of Weather Factors on
Population Dynamics of Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) in Mid Indo-Gangetic Plains
Impact of Meteorological Parameters and Food Availability on Diversity of Grasshoppers
With Special Reference to Their Management
Effects of Various Hosts and Constant
Temperatures on the Biology of Bracon hebetor say
Species Composition of Sorghum Stem Borers in Climate Change Scenarios
Biotechnology and Transgenics
Transgenic Plant: An Important Component of Integrated Pest Management
Ingestion of Bacterially Expressed Double-stranded RNA Induces chitinase
Genetically Modified Crops in Integrated Pest Management
Biotechnological Approaches in Insect Pest Management
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora was genetically modified to express Caenorhabditis elegans Hsp70A (heat-shock protein genes) to increase heat tolerance and use in insect control. Crop improvement through genetic manipulation of Bt toxin, inhibitory digestive amylase genes (amylase, cysteine, proteinases, etc.) and lectin synthesis genes and plant-derived insecticides have also shown their potential in insect control. Genetic engineering has also shown promise for improving crop protection strategy by improving the effectiveness of arthropod natural enemies by modifying the volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
An understanding of the fundamental aspects and use of biotechnology is therefore certainly useful in the deployment and development of biotech products for use in the control of insect pests.
Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Quality Parameters and Sterility of Melon Fruit Fly
Pupae were irradiated with various doses of gamma radiation and 50 Gy at the Nuclear Research Laboratory, IARI, New Delhi. The results showed that 30 Gy and 50 Gy were the optimal and preferred doses of gamma radiation to achieve maximum male sterility in the melon fruit fly.
Insecticide Resistance Monitoring
Inheritance of Cry2Ab Resistance in Pink Bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella
Inheritance of Cry1Ac Resistance in Pink Bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders)
Inheritance of Cry1Ac Resistance in Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenée)
Studies on Occurrence and Insecticide Resistance Monitoring Against Brown Planthopper
Genotyping of Phosphine Resistance in North Indian Populations of Lesser Grain Borer
Monitoring of Phosphine Resistance in Red Flour Beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst)
Neonicotinoid Resistance in Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) Populations From India
Glimpses of the IPM Symposium