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Interrogating Forced Migration: A Research Workshop A Report


Academic year: 2023

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Since the end of the Cold War, forced migration (involving refugee flows, internal displacement, forced migration of women and children, migration in the wake of human rights violations, natural and humanitarian disasters, statelessness, illegal immigration of vulnerable people, victims of border violence and militarization of borders, and sex and labor trafficking) has emerged as an important phenomenon in the world. Emphasis on the experiences of the victims of forced displacement in the conflict areas of South Asia;

Schedule of the Workshop

Interrogating Forced Migration: A Research Workshop

Module A: Concepts and Methods in Forced Migration Studies I

Special Inaugural Lecture

Module B: Violence in the Borderlands and Forced Migration II

Central and West Asia

pm: Special lecture followed by questions and answers Session Speaker: Mohammad Jalal Abbasi Shavazi Professor of Demography, University of Tehran, and Director, National Institute of Population Research, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Iran.

Module C: Violence in the Borderlands and Forced Migration I

West Bengal-Bangladesh Border

Module E: Concepts and Methods in Forced Migration Studies II

Module Notes and Reading Material

For example, one of the questions that currently characterizes research into forced migration has to do with the institution of borders. Human security in the border areas would mean the first security of the civilian population along the border areas.

Participants’ Research Papers and Respective Abstracts

A Short Note on Class-Focused View of Forced Migration from the Lens of an Economist

What interests me, however, is how this critical attention to Ghosh's work on forced migration studies works. This article is therefore an attempt to see how literature can become a powerful methodological tool in the field of forced migration research.

Labour Migration and the Gasterbaitery by Anita Sengupta

State Building, Displacement and Statelessness by Diloram Karamat

Recently, citizenship rules have been used in Uzbekistan as a political instrument to punish disobedience to governing institutions, and passports have been canceled leaving citizens stranded in third countries.

The Syrian Displacement by Priya Singh

It has been noted that most of those Afghans trying to escape to Iran through various illegal channels were forced to do so because of the ongoing poverty and unemployment in the country, although there are also some other reasons, most of those individuals who trying to go to Iran from areas geographically surrounded with mountains and no hope for good work was noted. Some of those individuals were also ill and had no relatives or friends to take care of their health and alternatively chose to hand themselves over to the police to be arrested and deported back to Afghanistan by the nearest border where they were not supposed to pay for transport costs.

Returnees in Afghanistan: Impediments to Reintegration by Arpita Basu Roy Migration is often explained in terms of violent conflict or the attraction of labour markets

As a result, they are likely to continue to migrate en masse to urban informal settlements. More flexible definitions for migrant Afghans and interim solutions for Afghans in border regions include solutions that should include exploring ways to ensure the rights of refugees and returnees within a broader human rights framework, focusing and coordinating development strategies simultaneously on both sides of the border to ensure a better foundation for monitoring and normalizing large-scale cross-border traffic.

Impacts of Syrian Refugee Crises on Turkish International Migration Policy by Özlem Pehlivan

While Turkey still maintains the geographical limitation of the 1951 Convention, the Aliens and International Protection Law which came into force in April 2014 provides the legal basis for protection and assistance to asylum seekers and refugees, regardless of their country of origin. In accordance with the geographical limitation of the 1951 Convention, Turkey does not accept non-European asylum seekers as refugees.

Sehnsucht ? Survival and Resilience in the Indo-Bangladesh Enclaves by Atig Ghosh

The ambition of the modern nation-state to produce crisp, clear borders is belied in the rush of North Bengal. Seen in the light of the above elaboration, the inhabitants of the Indo-Bangladeshi chits are victims of de facto statelessness.

On the Edge: Women--Life and Confinement by Sucharita Sengupta

Peripheral Spaces, Contested Boundaries: Case of Indo-Bangladesh Border Region by Subir Rana

The Indo-Bangladesh region is a contested space, primarily because of the history and conditions in which Bangladesh was born. These issues take on special importance because of the proposed regional economic cooperation called BCIM-Economic Corridor and includes Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar, which will boost the economy and give a fillip to the bilateral relations of the nations. included.

Mobility across Borders and Continuums of Violence by Rimple Mehta

This brings us to the question of whether we can consider the border as a purely political or geographic space or whether it branches out into a normative socio-cultural space. Economics of Exception: A Political Economy of Violence on the Frontier Regions of Indo-Bangladesh by Swagato Sarkar.

Economy of Exception: A Political Economy of Violence at the Indo- Bangladesh Border Areas by Swagato Sarkar

Parasuraman, Ranabir Samaddar and Md

The experiences of violence faced by women at the border are marked by sexual violence. In addition, the violence perpetrated on these women may not be directly related to the border as a physical, geographic location, but is caused by its exclusionary and inherently violent nature.

In the paper, I argue that the history of this region, coupled with the post-9/11 securitization regime and the increasing prominence of terrorism discourse and the concomitant rise of Islamophobia, have combined to make the situation of the Rohingya precarious in ways. which are difficult to correct. The Rohingya's claims to citizenship and humanitarian aid are repeatedly rejected through the discourses of (il)legitimacy and security that reinforce the tenuous and often arbitrary borders between these three nation-states.

The Stateless People – Rohingyas in Hyderabad, India by Priyanca Mathur Velath and Kriti Chopra

The paper will attempt to document Rohingya testimony through primary interviews and ascertain the situation of refugees/stateless persons in India.

The primary data collected for the purpose of this study is based on structured interviews with Rohingyas in Delhi and Mewat.

Rohingyas Languishing behind the Bar by Suchismita Majumder

The article attempts to explore the causes (including gender violence) and consequences of the forced migration faced by the Rohingyas. The lack of a protection regime adds to the vulnerability of a group of victims of forced migration.

Rohingya Refugees: Background and Evolution by Suhita Saha

This paper intends to deal with the historical development of the “Rohingya” identity with special emphasis on different phases of history starting from the Chandra Dynasty (788-957 AD) to the rule of the SPDC military government. Statelessness and the Dynamics of National Security: A Case Study of Rohingya Refugees in India by Srimanti Sarkar.

Statelessness and National Security Dynamics: Case Study of the Rohingya Refugees in India by Srimanti Sarkar

Therefore, by linking the concept of statelessness with the country's security concerns, the article will attempt to assess whether the international migration of Rohingya refugees in India poses a threat to national security, thereby obliging it to formulate policies and take initiatives at the international level. . Asma Al Amin A Conceptual Analysis of Environmental Forced Migration in Bangladesh: A Human Rights Perspective Ajmal Khan Migration of Muslims from Kerala to the Gulf States,.

A Conceptual Analysis on Environmental Forced Migration in Bangladesh

It will be argued that the magnitude of the national threat perception is one of the most important factors influencing state action/inaction on the issue of statelessness.

Human Rights Perspective by Asma Al Amin

But unfortunately it remains silent on the rights of the environmentally displaced persons and on their rights, which is a clear and direct ignorance of their basic right to life. It will also make recommendations to protect the rights of environmental forced migrants.

Migration of Muslims from Kerala to Gulf Countries, Evidences for Forced Migration from the Villages of Malappuram in Kerala by Ajmal Khan

This issue is not addressed by policy makers in most cases both at the national and international level. Although Article 18A of the Constitution of Bangladesh talks about the protection and improvement of the environment and biodiversity, but Articles 31 and 32 together include the rights to life which extended to the right to a healthy environment.

In the last three decades, rampant unemployment, Umrah and the possibility of free visas for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, dowry and expensive marriages existed in the village, the modernization of the Ossan caste occupation and the demand for hairdressers, extreme aspirations and dreams of the Gulf because of the suffering and poverty in the village, families, villages and other networks were the decisive reasons why they migrated to the Gulf countries, rather than the many other explanations given to us. Therefore, the migration to the Gulf States from the village here in Malappuram must be claimed as forced migration.

Reconfiguring the Concept of Asylum by Simon Behrman

Obviously there isn't much religious to why Muslims migrate from here to the Gulf States, but the economic reasons behind it emerge when you do an in-depth analysis of the socio-economic and other circumstances of the migrants. Thus, the legal regime of refugee law has not created room for protection, but has instead continued to expand the state's grip on the refugee.

Forced) Migration, Labour and Care by Madhurilata Basu

Film Screening

As the participant evaluation (chapter 12) shows, the participants found this a very enriching session that helped them reflect on their academic and theoretical knowledge on the subject of forced migration.

Round Table Discussions

Inaugural and Valedictory Sessions

Module Wise Discussion Report

March 16)

Introductory Remarks)

Session 2 (Keynote Lecture by Ranabir Samaddar, Director, CRG, on the Theme Concepts and Methods of Forced Migration Studies 1)

Participants’ Research Papers)

Session 4 (Special Lecture by Pradip Kumar Bose, Former Professor, CSSSC and Member of CRG)

March 17)

Session 1 (Keynote Lecture by Ozlen Celebi, Assistant Professor, Hacettepe University, on the theme Violence in the Borderlands and Forced Migration I

Participants’ Research Papers 1)

Participants’ Research Papers 2)

Films on Forced Migration)

March 18)

Session 1 (Keynote Lecture by Sreeradha Dutta, Director, MAKAIAS, on the theme Violence in the Borderlands and Forced Migration II: West Bengal-Bangladesh

In the evening, the participants attended a lecture by the Pakistani High Commissioner in India, Abdul Basit, who spoke about the possibility of improving the relationship between India and Pakistan for the sake of development in South Asia.

March 19)

Chopra's article explored the experience and representation of Rohingya refugees in Hyderabad based on primary ethnography from the communities and NGOs (such as COVA and Salamah Burmese Refugee Relief Trust) and newspaper reports and articles. Saha's article was presented from a historical perspective, looking at the evolution of Rohingya and Rakhine identities in the Arakan region.

Roundtable Discussion on Rohingiya Refugees)

Basavapatna's paper looked at the refugee situation in the cities of Delhi, Mewat and Jammu from a legal rights perspective and within a legal framework of urban slum settlements. The discussion that followed included issues such as the specificity of the Rohingya among other marginalized groups in Myanmar, the distinction between refugee-hood and statelessness, the involvement of various interest groups in providing relief to the Rohingya, and the contrast and coherence of ethnic conflict and ethical considerations.

March 20)

Session 1 (Special Lecture by Prasanta Ray, Emeritus Professor, Presidency University, on the theme Anxieties of Research)

Behrman's paper focused on the many imperfections and inequities embedded in international refugee law regimes. Al Amin's paper addressed forced migration caused by climate change and natural disasters with a particular focus on Bangladesh.

Session 3 (Keynote Lecture by Atig Ghosh, Assistant Professor, Visva Bharati University, on the theme Historical Methods and Migration)

Khan's paper focused on the involuntary exodus from a village in Kerala to the Middle East and how these movements are inextricably linked to various financial and quasi-institutional networks. A number of questions were raised during the discussion, including those regarding the production of the refugee subject through legal frameworks, the need for new legislation in the presence of existing legal parameters, the role of foreign aid in disaster management, the distinction between flows of skilled and unskilled labor, the amorphousness of the category of climate refugees and between connection between the issues of ecology and the resource crisis.

Participants’ Presentations 2)

March 21)

Rapporteurs’ Presentations)

Evaluation Session)

Play and Certification Ceremony)

Valedictory Session)

  • Evaluation by Participants
  • Table of Evaluation by the Participants
    • Observations and Suggestions by Resource Persons
    • Evaluation by the External Evaluators
    • Outcome of the Course: Publications
    • Organising Team
    • CRG Team

Good questions were asked and most participants were well informed and engaged in the course. To the organizers' credit, the workshop was highly praised by the participants.


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