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INTEGRATED WATERSHED

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Dhansiri: Dhansiri flows through the southwestern part of the state through the Rangapahar-Dimapur plains of Dimapur district. The Tizu River forms an important drainage system in the eastern part of the state. The state of Nagaland continues to face many deficiencies in physical and social infrastructure.

With the efforts of the state government, the economy of Nagaland is likely to rise in the near future. Agriculture: Agriculture is one of the significant contributors to the Net State Domestic Product and is the largest employer of the workforce in the state. Shifting and terrace cultivation remain the dominant forms of land use practices in the state.

Transport and Communication: During the year 2003-2004, the total length of roads in the state of Nagaland was 13371 km. Laterite soil (Oxizol) is most widespread and occurs in the mid-southern and eastern parts of the state.

During the monsoon season, there were occasional mild floods that affected much of the plains and foothills of the country. This is an indicator of the migration taking place in the country from rural to urban areas. In Nagaland, the problem of land tenure fragmentation is not a problem because of the particular pattern of land ownership, tenure and use that prevails in the state.

Land ownership and individual rights are governed by the customary laws of the community. With the exception of some tribes where the chief owns the land, village councils and chiefs are generally merely custodians of the land. In most community lands, all members have the right to use it freely, but with the prior consent of the guardians.

As envisaged in the Act, the composition of Village Development Boards (VDBs) to undertake these responsibilities of the Village Council was formalized through the Village Development Boards Rules notified in 1980. It occupies about 70 percent of the total cultivated area and make up about 75 percent of the total food production in the state. Agriculture is one of the major contributors to the state's net domestic product and is the largest employer of the workforce in the state.

Strategic initiatives in livestock breeding, fisheries and sericulture can result in the generation of resources and a general development of the rural economy. The marketing of the cash crops is done through local markets, entrepreneurs and APMCs in the state. The state level PIA for implementation of IWDP is the Department of Land Resources, established by the Government of Nagaland in the year 1993-04 specifically to implement CSS-IWDP under the Ministry of Rural Development, DoLR, headed by the Minister and Secretary I/C of the Department at government level.

The implementation of the program at the state level is headed by the Director, Land Resources, under whom the interdisciplinary team of technical officials in the directorate formulates plans and policies; and monitor the implementation of the watershed programs. Under IWDP, a total of 42 projects have so far been sanctioned by the GOI covering 694 villages across the eleven districts of the state covering a total watershed area of ​​Ha. -SPSP 16: Details of watershed projects completed in the state with financial assistance other than DoLR.

Based on the parameters provided in the guidelines for the implementation of the Integrated Watercourse Management Program (CPUV), the available watersheds of the district were prioritized. The extent of water harvesting is determined based on the network of streams, the flow available in the streams, and the feedback provided by the WDTs to the project implementing agencies.

Table SPSP 3: Details of average rainfall and altitude recorded at the District  headquarters
Table SPSP 3: Details of average rainfall and altitude recorded at the District headquarters

YET TO BE WORKED OUT

No. Date of Notification Type of SLNA Date of MoU with DoLR

The Department of Land Resource Development is the State Level Nodal Agency (SLNA) for the implementation of IWDP/IWMP projects in the state of Nagaland. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) will be in overall charge of monitoring IWMP projects in the state and he will be assisted by a team of experts specializing in different subjects. The evaluation of mid-term and post-project evaluation will be done by agencies/institutions appointed/approved by the SLNA and the Ministry, Government of India, Department of Land Resources.

The parameters considered were based on the achievements and reputation of the PIA in the country. PIA has a highly dedicated multidisciplinary team of professionals with extensive experience in project implementation and watershed program management. In all small catchment villages, a committee known as Catchment Committee is formed with a chairman and a secretary assisted by executive members chosen by consensus, which includes the village council and other prominent individuals and women who are members of the SHG of the village.

One of the WDT members will be an ex-officio member of the Watershed committee. The WDT members will identify the like-minded and homogeneous group in the catchment village and form Self Help Group and User Group. While forming SHGs, preferences will be given to women or the poorest section of the people in the village.

The formation of SHGs and User Groups (UGs) are an integral part of the program and are directly accountable to the Watershed Committee. a) Stakeholders and requirements for capacity building Sl. Planning of the annual activity calendar, assessment of needs in the watershed areas, day-to-day monitoring of watershed projects and bookkeeping. SLNA must plan an action plan and policy for the development of watersheds in the state.

SLNA's strategy for capacity building is to identify national and state institutions where PIAs and all functionaries of the watershed project will be sensitized and trained. Orientation training and capacity building for PRA exercises to be provided to PIAs, WDT members. All officials in watershed projects must receive training according to the training manuals published by SLNA.

Promotion of women SHGs and their representation in the water shed committee has given the women a platform in decision making and also to improve their income through livelihood activities. Change in mindset of people from practicing jhum cultivation to permanent cultivation.

Figure

Table SPSP 2: Details of Agro-climatic zones in the State
Table SPSP 3: Details of average rainfall and altitude recorded at the District  headquarters
Table SPSP 4: Details of drought and flood affected districts, blocks and villages in the State during last 10 years
Table SPSP 6: Share of Agriculture Sector to State Income/National Income at Current Prices and Total Work Force  in the State and India

References

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