• No results found

Economic Survey of Himachal Pradesh 2020-21


Academic year: 2023

Share "Economic Survey of Himachal Pradesh 2020-21"


Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Full text

Himachal Pradesh State Civil Supplies Corporation 71 Food Security in Tribal and Unreached Areas of. Chapter-3 discusses the impact of COVID-19 on the Himachal Pradesh economy and the state's response to it.

General Review

A Macro View

Overview: Indian Economy


Overview: Himachal Pradesh Economy

Himachal has become one of the more prosperous and fast-growing economies in the country, but due to the impact of pandemic covid-19, the state's economy is expected to witness a negative growth of 6.2 percent in the current financial year 2020- 21. The increase in total government domestic products at constant prices is mainly attributed to 15.8 percent in community and personal services sectors, 2.5 percent in finance and real estate, 4.6 percent increase in transport and trade, 0.3 percent in manufacturing sector, 3.1 percent in construction, (-)4.6 percent in Electricity, Gas & Water Supply.

Growth Rate

In view of the growing needs of the state's economy, the government has taken steps to ensure uninterrupted power supply in the state. Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS) Under this scheme, the government provides an additional cover of up to ₹ 30,000 per senior citizen in the country.

Table 1.1  Key Indicators
Table 1.1 Key Indicators

State Economy, Public Finance and Taxation

  • State Economy
  • Estimates of GSDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices
  • Primary sector
  • Secondary Sector
  • Estimates of GSDP at Current Prices
  • Prospects- 2020-21
  • Public Finance and Taxation The State Government
  • Revenue Receipts
  • Non-Tax Revenue
  • Non- Debt Capital Receipts Non-Debt capital receipts
  • Trend in Fiscal Indicators Table 2.6 above shows that in
  • Government Expenditure Rationalization and prioritization
  • Composition of revenue expenditure
  • Development Planning and Budgeting

Total government expenditure is estimated to decrease by (-) 1.12 percent and revenue expenditure is likely to increase by 7.67 percent in 2020-2021. In 2020-2021, it is estimated that 80 percent of the total budget expenditures will be for revenue expenditures.

Figure -1: Tax as per cent of GSDP
Figure -1: Tax as per cent of GSDP

COVID-19 Impact on Himachal Pradesh Economy

  • Introduction
  • COVID-19 Impact on State’s Economy
  • Primary Sector: Forestry &
  • Secondary Sector: Manufacturing (Organised and un-organised)
  • Tertiary Sector
    • State Initiatives to Tackle COVID- 19 Impact
    • Timely Intervention of the State Government to fight the COVID-19
    • Resource Mobilization by the State Government
    • Help to PSUs
    • Relief for Affected Sectors a) Energy Demand Charges
    • Direct Transfer of Money

COVID-19 has forced closure which has hit the tourism sector in the state the worst. Trend of inflow of tourists in the state (Base year 2010) . c) The impact of COVID-19 on the health sector.

SDGs and Initiatives for Good Governance

4 Chapter


Himachal Pradesh has progressed very well in achieving sustainable development goals and has been ranked 1st along with Kerala during the SDG Index Report 2018-19, while in the SDG India Index Report the state has been ranked 2nd in the country. Planning Department is the nodal department in the state to facilitate implementation of the SDGs framework in Himachal Pradesh and has published a state vision document viz.

Table 4.1  Sustainable
Table 4.1 Sustainable

Timeline for achieving SDG The Government of

Reducing tobacco use among those aged 15 and older from the current level (22 percent) to 17 percent. Improve the availability of toilets for children with special needs by up to 50 percent from current levels.

Governance Index ( DGGI)

Ease of Living

In continuation of Niti Aayog's initiative to publish ease of life document, Himachal Pradesh Planning Department has released a document 'Himachal Pradesh Government's Initiatives to Improve Ease of Life' which highlights the state government's initiatives to promote better quality of life for residents through better governance, better healthcare and educational facilities. and accessibility of quality services to the general public. Schemes/programmes implemented by the state government directly relate to the daily life of the residents by adapting to local needs and minimal procedural requirements and ultimately lead to the improvement of their lives as shown in Table 4.3.

Institutional and Bank Finances

  • Introduction
  • Financial Inclusion initiatives
  • Universal Social Security Initiatives under PMJDY
  • Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY)
  • Stand-Up India Scheme (SUIS)
  • Financial Awareness and Literacy Campaigns
  • Business Volume of Banks

As of September 2020, banks in the state had achieved five of the 7 National Benchmarks by RBI viz. Banks in the state have covered all households with at least one Basic Savings Deposit Account for each household.

Comparative Data of Banks in Himachal Pradesh

Performance under Annual Credit Plan 2020-21

Banks have prepared the annual credit plan for the financial year 2020-2021 for disbursement of new loan based on potential worked out for various priority sector activities by NABARD. Banks disbursed new loans of `14,256 crore till September 2020, achieving 51.46 per cent of the annual commitment.

Total Priority Sector Loans

  • Implementation of Government Sponsored
  • Kisan Credit Cards
  • Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs)
  • Special drive for Aadhaar linkages with Bank account and
  • Rural Infrastructure
  • Warehouse Infrastructure Fund (WIF)
  • Food Processing Fund (FPF) NABARD has established a
  • Refinance Support
  • Special Refinance Schemes To give boost to the agriculture
  • Government Sponsored Schemes
  • Micro Credit
  • Promotion of Farmers’

The executive agencies are focused on providing margin money payout to the measure of. The scheme aims to provide a complement to the Pradhan Mantri Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprise Scheme.

Producer Organisation

  • Watershed Development NABARD has sanctioned 31
  • Tribal Development through the Tribal Development Fund (TDF)
  • Support through the Farm Sector Promotion Fund (FSPF)
  • NABARD Consultancy Services (NABCONS)
  • NABARD’s Initiatives for climate Change in H.P

NABARD has created its own fund for the promotion and nurturing of FPOs throughout the country. In Himachal Pradesh, NABARD has sanctioned a grant of `10.00 crore for the formation / promotion of 99 FPOs in all the 12 districts.

Price Movement and Food Management

  • Introduction
  • Current Trends in Inflation The Consumer Price Index
  • Consumer Price Index- Combined (CPI-C) inflation
  • Consumer Price Index-Rural (CPI-R) inflation
  • Consumer Price Index-Urban (CPI-U) Inflation
  • Components wise Consumer Price Index inflation (rural-urban)
  • Drivers and contributors to rural inflation
  • Drivers and contributors to urban inflation
  • Consumer Price Index Industrial Worker (Base year-2016)
  • Wholesale Price Index (WPI) Wholesale Price Index (WPI)
  • Monthly Wholesale Price Index (WPI)
  • Drivers of WPI Inflation
  • Monthly Whole Sale Price
  • Volatility in Essential Commodity Prices
  • Food Security and Civil Supplies
  • Food Security in Tribal and Inaccessible Areas of the State
  • Government Supplies
  • MNREGA Cement Supplies During the financial year 2020-21
  • Petrol and Petroleum Products In the financial year 2020-21upto
  • Dividend
  • Implementation of National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA)
  • SAIL Yard

During the current financial year till December 2020, the Corporation procured and distributed various goods under TPDS to the tune of ₹ 1,221.38 crore as against. During the current financial year till December 2020, the Corporation has distributed these commodities under the said scheme to the tune of ₹ 513.31 crore as compared to ₹ 384.00 crore during the corresponding period of the previous year to the Pradesh Ration Card Holders as per the degree set by the state.

Figure 6.1: Trends in CPI-C, CPI-R and CPI-U inflation
Figure 6.1: Trends in CPI-C, CPI-R and CPI-U inflation

Agriculture, Horticulture and Allied Services


The agro-climatic conditions in the state are favorable for production of cash crops like seed potatoes, off-season vegetables and ginger. The state government is emphasizing production of off-season vegetables, potatoes, ginger, pulses and oilseeds besides increasing production of cereal crops through timely and appropriate supply of inputs, demonstration and effective dissemination of improved agricultural technology, replacement of old variety seeds, promotion of integrated pest control, bringing more area under efficient use of water resources and implementation of Wasteland Development Projects.

Monsoon Season 2020

Crop Performance 2019-20

Crop Prospects 2020-21

Growth in Foodgrains Production

High Yielding Varieties programme (H.Y.V.P )

Plant Protection Programme

Soil Testing Programme

Prakritik Kheti Khushal Kisan Yojna under Zero Budget Natural

Fertilizer Consumption and Subsidy

Agriculture Credit

Crop Insurance Scheme

Seed Certification Programme

Agriculture Marketing

Tea Development

Soil and Water Conservation

Mukhya Mantri Nutan Polyhouse Yojna

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY)

National Mission on Agricultural Extension and

National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna

Efficient Irrigation through Micro-Irrigation Scheme

Uttam Chara Utpadan Yojna To increase fodder production,

Mukhya Mantri Khet Sanrakshan Yojna

Mukhya MantriI Kisaan Evam Khetihar Mazdoor Jeevan Surakhsha

Lift Irrigation and Borewell Scheme

Saur Sinchayee Yojna

Jal Se Krishi Ko Bal Yojna

Krishi Kosh

Krishi Se Sampannta Yogna (KSY)

Krishi Utpadan Sarankshan Yojna (Anti Hail Net)

Kishan Saman Nidhi Yojna This scheme is Flagship

National Bamboo Mission

Stakeholders are Department of Forestry, Rural Development, Department of Panchayati Raj, Department of Industries and State Agricultural Universities.


For providing employment to the skilled and unskilled unemployed youth and promoting commercial flower farming in the state, funds have been allocated under 'Himachal Pushp Kranti Yojna' amounting to. For the implementation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme, MIDH has been sanctioned funds amounting to ₹ 50.81 crore during the year 2020-2021, of which ₹ 22.22 crore has been received from the Govt.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna-Per Drop More crop

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture” (MIDH) is being implemented in the State under which assistance is provided as arrears subsidy @ 50% to farmers for carrying out various horticultural activities like cultivation of fruits, flowers, vegetables, species and establishment of new gardens, Mushroom Production, Green House cultivation of high value flowers and vegetables, Anti Hail Nets,. To promote protected cultivation in horticulture, the state government has increased the subsidy under Poly houses from 50% to 85% and 87,000 square meters.

Himachal Pradesh Marketing Corporation (HPMC)

Since its inception, HPMC has played a central role in the lives of fruit growers in the country by ensuring them profitable returns from their produce. This will help lower the price of AJC and the Corporation will be able to compete in the international market for selling AJC.

Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Upgrading of native cattle is carried out by cross-breeding with Jersey and Holsten. One Yak breeding farm has also been established in the premises of horse breeding Lari.

Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (Doodh Ganga

Backyard Poultry Farming

Innovative Poultry productivity Project (IPPP)-LIT

Innovative Poultry productivity Project (IPPP)-

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission(RGM) Rashtriya Gokul Mission is being
    • Embryo Transfer & In- vitro fertilization Technology for
    • Jersey PT project in District Kangra
    • National - wide AI Programme (NAIP)
  • National Livestock Mission (NLM)
  • Assistance to State for Control of Animal Diseases
  • Shepherd Scheme
  • BPL Krishak Bakri Palan Yona Under this scheme it is
  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY)
  • Integrated Sample Survey for Estimation of Production of Major
  • Livestock Census
  • Milk Based Industries
  • New Innovations of Milkfed
  • Wool Procurement and Marketing Federation
  • Fisheries and Aqua Culture
  • Forest
  • Forest Management (Forest Fire Prevention & Management
  • Experimental Silvicultural Felling/Subsidiary Silviculture
  • New Schemes

The main objective of the Federation is to promote the growth and development of wool industry in the state of Himachal Pradesh and to free wool producers from exploitation by the middleman/traders. To rejuvenate extinct and depleted water resources in the state, a new scheme "Parvat Dhara" has been launched during 2020-21.

Externally Aided Projects

  • Himachal Pradesh Forest Eco- systems Climate Proofing Project
  • Himachal Pradesh Forest Eco systems Management and Livelihood
  • World Bank Aided Integrated Development Project for Source
  • Environment Forestry and Wildlife
  • Forest Ecosystem Services in Himachal Prdesh

The share of agriculture and related sectors in the total gross value added of the state has decreased due to relatively higher growth performance of non-agricultural sectors. Share of agriculture and related sectors in total gross value added of the state at current basic prices.

Table 7.17:  Summary of selected ecosystem services from forests in Himachal  2017-18
Table 7.17: Summary of selected ecosystem services from forests in Himachal 2017-18

Water Resources Management and Environment

  • Drinking Water
  • Urban Water Supply Schemes:- There are 61 Towns/Urban Local
  • Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)
  • Hand Pump Programme
  • Irrigation
  • Major and Medium Irrigation The only major irrigation project
  • Minor Irrigation
  • Command Area Development During the year 2020-21, a
  • Flood Control Works

Currently, work is being done on the Phinna Singh Medium Irrigation Project (CCA 4,025 hectares) and in the Nadaun area in District Hamirpur (CCA 2,980 hectares). CAD activities for large irrigation Shahnehar and medium irrigation Sidhatha projects are included for funding under CAD Water Management program of the Government of India).

Environment, Science and Technology

  • Plastic Waste Management The State Government has
  • State Knowledge Cell on Climate Change
  • Implementation of Project Sanctioned under National
  • Proposals under National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change
  • Capacity Building of marginal Farmers in rural areas
  • State Level Environment Leadership Awards
  • Creation of Model Eco Villages The State Government through
  • Setting up of bio-methanation plant at Kufri, Shimla
  • Setting up of 10 demonstration Micro Municipal Solid Waste

German KFW/AFD (French Development Agency) and `1.00 crore have been approved for preparation of DPR by AFD. Another project on Climate Adaptation and Finance in Rural India (CAFRI) has been initiated in the financial year 2020-21 in the state.

Industries and Mining

  • Introduction
  • Past Journey
  • Status of Industrialization
  • Pharma Hub
  • Khadi and Village Industries HP Khadi and Village Industries
  • Trends in Industrial Sector Industrial sector performance in
  • Development of Industrial Areas/ Estates
  • Attracting Investment
  • Prime Minister Formalisation of Micro Food Processing
  • Mukhyamantri Swavlamban Yojna (MMSY)
  • Mining
  • Ease of Doing Business
  • Index of Industrial Production The Index of Industrial

Himachal Pradesh Kaushal Vikas Nigam (HPKVN) is the principal implementing agency of the Himachal Pradesh Skills Development Project (HPSDP), the flagship employment and livelihood scheme of the Government of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Kaushal Vikas Nigam is the implementing agency for the state component of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna 2.0.

Table 10.2: Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) (in per cent) according to usual status (ps+ss) for Himachal  Pradesh
Table 10.2: Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) (in per cent) according to usual status (ps+ss) for Himachal Pradesh


  • Introduction
  • Directorate of Energy’s Physical and Financial achievements
  • Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board Ltd
  • Hydro Electricity Generation and Transmission
  • Projects under Operation/
  • Solar Projects
  • Financial Achievements in Respects of Projects under
  • Himachal Pradesh Power Transmission Corporation Limited
  • Solar Power Plants/ Projects
  • Small Hydro Electric Projects Upto 5 MW Capacity Being Executed
  • Micro Hydel Projects up to 100 KW programme and Projects under
  • Important Policy Initiatives

Solar power plants with a capacity of 0.140 MW have been commissioned until December 2020 and the expected realization until March 2021 will be about 5.00 MW. As of December 2020, allocated projects up to 5 MW capacity are listed in the table below.

Tourism and Transport


Interest Subvention Scheme The Government of India, has


Civil Aviation

12 Chapter

  • Nai Raahein Nai Manzilein
  • Ropeways
  • Sustainable Tourism
  • Sustainable Tourism in Himachal Pradesh
  • Himachal Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation
  • Roads and Bridges (State Sector)
  • National Highways (Central Sector)
  • Railways
  • Road Transport
    • HRTC Schemes for the benefits of Passengers
  • Achievements

Free travel facility for cancer, back injury, kidney and dialysis patients along with one companion in HRTC buses for medical treatment on referral slip issued by the doctor within and outside the state. viii). The Transport Department works on objectives such as job creation along with providing quality, comfortable and select transport services to passengers and generating revenue for the government.

Social Sector

  • Education
  • Elementary Education
  • State Sponsored Scholarship Schemes
  • NISHTHA –In Service Training at Elementary Level
  • Har Ghar Pathshala
  • e-PTM
  • Senior Secondary Education
  • Scholarship Schemes
  • Promotion of Sanskrit Education
  • Teachers Training Programmes The teachers training programmes
  • Free Text Books
  • Free Education to Handicapped Children
  • Free Education to Girls
  • Information Technology Education
  • Samagra Shiksha
  • Rashtriya Ucchtar Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Distribution of Net books/
  • Medha Protsahan Yojna
  • Installation of CCTV Surveillance System
  • Swaran Jayanti Utkrisht Vidalaya and Utkirsht Mahavidyalaya
  • Khel Se Swasthaya Yojna
  • Swaran Jayanti Super 100 Yojna The department has started the
  • C.V Raman Virtual Class rooms for schools and Colleges
  • Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Cluster University
  • Initiatives during Covid -19 Due to Covid -19, the schools
  • Technical Education
  • Short Term Training under HPSDP
  • Initiative in view of COVID-19 1. More than 300 faculty have been

In order to improve and enhance the learning activity of teaching through the use of smart classrooms and multimedia learning aids, the department has successfully implemented ICT in 2,137 Government Secondary/Higher Secondary Schools and 418 Government Schools by 2019-2020. schools are included in the 2020-21 fiscal year. iii) Vocational education. Apart from this, the department is also providing vocational training for 15 professions in Him Shiksha-Vocational Channel in 2020-21 through Jio-T.V. iv) Inclusive education for persons with special needs at the secondary school level.

Fig 13.3 Children enrolled in Govt. schools by grade and sex for the year 2018  and 2020
Fig 13.3 Children enrolled in Govt. schools by grade and sex for the year 2018 and 2020


  • Health and Family Welfare State Government’s vision is to
  • Medical Education and Research
  • Academic Achievements
  • MBBS & PG: During academic session 2020-21, total 870 MBBS
  • BDS & MDS: 355 BDS seats and 95 MDs seats were filled in both
  • Diplomate of National Board (DNB) Courses: For admission to
    • AYUSH
    • Development of Herbal Resources
    • COVID-19 Management The total numbers of COVID

Indian system of medicine and homeopathy play an important role in the health care system of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Healthcare services are provided to the general public through AYUSH health infrastructure in the state.

Social Welfare Programme

  • Social Welfare and Welfare of Other Backward Classes
  • Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward
  • Women State Home Mashobra The main purpose of the
  • One Stop Centre
  • Mahila Shakti Kendra
  • Saksham Gudiya Board
  • Trends in Social Sector Expenditure in Himachal Pradesh
  • The ratios to GDP at current market prices are based on 2011-12 base

Widow Remarriage Scheme The main purpose of the scheme is to assist in the rehabilitation of the widow after a remarriage. In the context of this scheme, couples are given €50,000. If the crime is confirmed, the victim will receive financial support of € 7,500 per month until the age of 21.

Table 13.14: Trends in Social Service Sector Expenditure by State Government
Table 13.14: Trends in Social Service Sector Expenditure by State Government

Rural Development and Panchayati Raj

  • Rural Development
  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya National Rural Livelihood Mission
    • The main features of this programme are as under:-
    • The incentives being provided to the women SHGs are as under
  • Mukhya Mantri 1 Bigha Scheme Mukhya Mantri 1 Bigha Scheme,
  • Deen Dyal Upadhaya- Gramin Kaushalya Yojna (DDU-GKY)
  • Watershed Development Programme
  • Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana Gramin (PMAY-G)
  • Mukhaya Mantri Awaas Yojana (MMAY )
  • Saansad Adrash Gram Yojana (SAGY)
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission (SPMRM) H.P
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)
  • Panchwati
  • Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Under National Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), Ministry of Panchayti Raj
  • As per recommendation of State Finance Commission, `228.39 crore
  • The Government is providing grant-in- aid to PRIs for meeting the
  • The State Govt. has provided facilities for staying in Government
  • Honorarium for tailoring teachers on contract basis has been enhanced

Out of 300 clusters allocated by the Ministry, 6 clusters have been approved for the State of HP under National Rural Mission (NruM) in three phases of the mission. This amount was provided to Gram Panchyats (70 per cent), Panchayat Smiti (15 per cent) and Zila Parishad (15 per cent).

Housing and Urban Development


  • HIMUDA’s Initiatives

Urban Development

  • Maintenance of Roads in Municipal Areas

15 Chapter

  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana- National Urban Livelihood Mission
  • Central Finance Commission Grant
  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
  • Smart City Mission (SCM)
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna Housing for all (Urban)

About 2900 loan applications were submitted to the banks under the PM SVANidhi scheme out of which 1635 applications were approved and loan to 1185 applicants were approved and disbursed. The 15th Finance Commission has recommended two types of grants to be given to urban local bodies and cantonment boards.


Table 1.1  Key Indicators
Figure -1: Tax as per cent of GSDP
Table 4.1  Sustainable
Table 4.2  DGGI-2019


Related documents

37 Chemicals use in tea gardens and its effect on potable water… Abstract The paper highlights the effect of water pollution in Tea Garden areas of Gohpur Sub- division,