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Academic year: 2024



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Prohibition of discrimination, right to equal opportunities (Art. 15-16) Right to freedom under Article 19: Freedom of association; Freedom of movement;. Freedom of residence; Freedom of assembly; Freedom of association; freedom of movement; Freedom of residence; Freedom of profession, trade and business;. Right to life and personal liberty (Act. 21), Protection with respect to arrest and detention Right to freedom of religion (Articles 25-28).

Reasoning of torts- act of state, legal authority, act of god, necessity, voluntary injury, private defense and acts causing minor harm. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to study the laws related to property and servitude. Concept of property and general principles relating to transfer of property Concept of property: distinction between movable and immovable things Definition Clause: Immovable property, Probate, Notice, Action claim.

Definition of transfer of ownership, types of transfer, authority to transfer and modes of transfer. Transfer to an unborn person and rule against eternity. Definition and essential features of the easement, types of easement, imposition, acquisition and transfer of easement.

LLB 105

Indemnification and guarantee - the concept, the definition, the methods of initiation of liability for the indemnifier type of indemnification clauses Distinction between indemnification and the duties of the insured/indemnified, indemnified and surety Release of the liability of the surety. OBJECTIVE: This paper is to familiarize students with the importance of evidence for establishing claims and the related rules and principles. OBJECTIVE: This paper is to provide students with in-depth knowledge of procedural aspects of working in criminal courts and other machinery.

Introduction and Investigation

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to acquaint the students with the laws relating to family matters applicable to various communities in India. Who can receive and give adoptions, adoption ceremonies, effect of adoption, Relationship of adopted child,. Muslim Law of Marriage: Concept of Marriage, Types of Marriage, Classification of Marriage, Formal Validity, Substantial Validity, Prohibited Degrees of Relationship, Relative Obstacles.

OBJECTIVE: This paper is to impart knowledge on various special contracts, agency and partnership law and specific reliefs. Avtar Singh Principles of the Law of Sale of Goods and Hire Purchase (1998) Eastern Lucknow Sahary H.K, Indian Partnership and Sale of Goods Act (2000) Universal. The course aims to develop an analytical approach to understanding the nature of law, legal development and the functioning of a legal system in various dimensions with reference to popular legal theorists.

Sociological School of Law with Indian Perspective Sources of Law .. a) Usage as a source of law b) Legislation as a source of law c) Judicial precedent. Objective: This paper is to give a law student a thorough knowledge of procedural aspects of the working of civil courts and other machinery. Civil: Complaint, Whitten Statement, Interim Application, Original Petition, Affidavit, Execution Petition, Memorandum of Appeal and Revision, Petition under Article 226 and 32 of the Constitution of India.

Reunion, Position, Status, Responsibilities and Powers of Karta in the Hindu Joint Family. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to acquaint students with different forms of ADR. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the paper is to examine compensation, maternity pay and wage determination.

Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972: Aims and Objects of the Act, Definition, Controlling Authority, Payment of Gratuity, Recovery of Gratuity, Determination of Gratuity Amount. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, Payment of Remuneration at Equal Levels to Men and Women Workers and Other Matters. Aims & Object, Liability for Payment of Wages, Time of Payment of Wages and Period of Fixation of Wages, Authorized Deductions (Secs. 7 to 13), Appointment & Powers of Inspectors and Claims Adjudication Authority (Sec. 15-18) , Punishment for violations under the law.

Subjects of International Law: States, Individuals, Non-State Entities, Importance of Individuals under International Law. Air and Outer Space Law, Hijacking of aircraft under air law, Development of outer space law.


Dr.R.P.Singh, U.P.Land Laws

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to make students aware of various aspects of administrative law, including the quasi-legislative, quasi-judicial and other ministerial functions of their administration and control. Definition, Nature and Scope of Administrative Law, Conceptual objections to the growth of administrative law. Principles of Natural Justice and their Exceptions Rule against Prejudice, Concept of Fair Hearing Judicial review of administrative action through writs;.

Administrative tribunals: necessity and reasons for their growth, features, jurisdiction and procedure of administrative tribunals. Concept of equality Definition, nature and origin of equality, equality as a court of conscience, transformation of equality, the relationship between common law and equality, judicial acts of 1873 and 1875, the nature of equal rights, classification of equal rights. Just doctrines: conversion and reconversion, election, achievement and contentment; The maxims of equality – There will be no injustice if there is no remedy; Equality follows the law; where the shares are equal, the law prevails; where the shares are equal, the former will prevail in time.

He who seeks equality must do equality; He who comes to justice must come with clean hands; Delay defeats capital; equality is equality; equity is directed to purpose rather than form; equity looks at what was done that should have been done; equity imputes an entry to satisfy a liability; equity acts in person. The Indian Trust Act 1882: Definition (section 3); Trust creation rules (sections 4-10); Duties and Obligations of Trustees (Articles 11-30); Public and private trusts and the Cyprus Doctrine. The rights and powers of Trustees (Articles 31-45); Disabilities of Trustees (Sections 46-54); rights and obligations of beneficiaries (articles 55-69);

Historical development of the legal profession in India; Constitution, function, powers and jurisdiction of State Bar Council and Bar Council of India Admission and registration of advocates. Ethics and professional advocacy, Standards of professional conduct and courtesy, Conflict between interest and duty, Duty to court, Duty to client, Duty to opponent, Duty to colleagues, Duty to society and obligation to provide legal aid. Historical Development of Contempt of Court Act in India Scope and Constitutional Validity of Contempt of Court Act.

Definition, Types of Contempt; Contempt by judges, magistrates, lawyers and other persons; Recognizance, Procedures, Appeals Provisions relating to Contempt Defences, Penalties and Remedies against Contempt Contempt and Contempt Contempt Contempt Defences. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to study the formation of a company, the formation of a company's capital and administrative powers.

Formation, Registration and Incorporation of Company Company and its classification

OBJECTIVE: The contribution is to equip students with various tools for interpreting laws. Lawmaking: Legislation, Executive and Judiciary, Principle of Utility, Law and Public Opinion, Law and Social Control, Significance of John Rawls and Robert Nozick - Interest of the individual for the interest of the community. Meaning of the term statute, enactment, interpretation and construction, types of statutes, valid statutes, intent of legislature, commencement, operation, repeal and revival of statute, statute must be read as a whole in its context.

OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to focus on the study of human rights law in an international perspective. Sub-International Bill of Human Rights- Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966, United Nations Millennium Declaration, 2000. Discrimination, 1965, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 1979, Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989.

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006. European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1950 Development by World Conferences on Human Rights - Tehran -conference,. Exemption (Art.10), Deduction (Art.80), relating to individual, Expenses and Income, Rebate (Art.88 & 88 B), Deemed income and clubs of income, Carried forward and Set losses.

Prison system: (i) General aspects (ii) Indian prison system, (iii) Constitutional rights of prisoners/under trial. Victimology, victim support and related disciplines, United Nations Declaration on the Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, 1985 Recommended reading:. The aim of this course is to familiarize students with the basic principles of intellectual property rights, with a particular focus on Indian law and practice.

Students may be expected to attend two routes in the last two or three years. Each student will further observe the preparation of documents and court documents by the Advocate and the procedure for filing the suit/petition. The fourth component of this paper of this paper will be Viva Voce examination on all the above three aspects.


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