# Course Structure and Detailed Syllabus for

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Experiment no. 08: Investigation of input and output characterization of common base (CB) bipolar junction transistor. Experiment No. 09: Investigate Input and Output Characterization of Common Emitter (CE) Bipolar Junction Transistor.

## Components of Computer Network–Layout of Network,

Windows Setup–Windows - GUI Concept, Desktop, Icons - My Computer, Network Neighborhood, Network Sites, Recycle Bin, Briefcase. IP & TCP/IP addressing – IP addressing technique (IP4/IP6) and connecting the network into a subnet and a subnet.

Setting up data communication devices – Connecting computers to the network with Drop cables and using Wi-Fi setup. 16 UNIT II: Signal and data in communication systems - Analog and Digital; Representation of the signal in the time and frequency domain; Time domain in oscilloscope and frequency domain in spectrum analyzer; Signal coding techniques with real world examples; Data and signal types; Analog and digital data transmission; Transmission Tool; Transmission damage; Data rate and bandwidth; Signal and noise power and their logarithmic representation; SNR and error rate;.

UNIT III: Analog and Digital Communication: Analog communication basics; Illustration with practical examples; Devices used in analog communication; Analog modulation basics; Need of

Wireless Technologies: Introduction to Wireless Communication and types of Wireless Communication, Basic blocks of wireless communication; Frequencies used and Ranges, Basic

## Optical Fiber Communication: Basic block diagram of optical fiber systems; Operating frequency range; Types of Optical Fibers - step index and graded index, multimode and single mode;

CO2: Describe the representation of the signal and data in the time and frequency domains and calculate the bandwidth and signal-to-noise ratio of the signal. CO4: Explain the operation of analog and digital communications with their relative advantages/disadvantages and applications.

For : CSE Students ]

Laboratory part: List of experiments:. ii) Construction and verification of all other gates (AND, OR, NOT, XOR) USING a) NAND gate only b) NOR gate only Introduction to SQL: Basic DML, DDL, DTL commands. Code converter and parity generator and checker. ii) Design, fabrication and verification of 3-bit Binary to Gray converter and 3-bit Gray to Binary converter circuit. iii) Design, fabrication and verification of 3-bit odd/even parity generator and 4-bit odd/even parity check circuit.

## For: EE Students ]

C02: Understand the operation of semiconductor devices such as diodes, BJT, JFET, MOSFET and display devices. C03: Use semiconductor device models to predict the terminal characteristics of power amplifiers under different operating conditions.

Experiment No-02: Code Converter & Parity Generator & Checker. ii) Design, fabrication and verification of 3-bit Binary to Gray converter and 3-bit Gray to Binary converter circuit. iii) Design, fabrication and verification of 3-bit odd/even parity generator and 4-bit odd/even parity check circuit. Experiment No-07: Synchronous and Asynchronous Counters (i) Fabrication and Verification of 2-bit Ripple Counter Using J-K FF. ii) Production and verification of synchronous counter Mod-3 up and Mod-3 down. iii) Construction and verification of 2-bit ring counter using J-K FF. iv) Construction and verification of 2-bit twisted Ring counter (Johnson) using J-K FF.

Experiment no. 4: Study inverting amplifier, non-inverting amplifier and voltage follower with op amp IC741. Experiment no. 5.: (a) to measure the slew rate of an op-amp, (b) to measure the full-power bandwidth and unity gain of an op-amp.

Coulomb's law and applications to point, line, surface and volume charge, Gauss's law and applications, scalar potential method, energy, electric dipole and field distribution, equipotential surfaces, properties of materials, convection and conduction current, conductors, polarization in dielectrics, dielectric constant and strength, linear, isotropic and homogeneous dielectrics, continuity equation and relaxation time, electric boundary conditions, Poisson and Laplace equation, singularity theorem, resistance and capacities, method of images. Lorentz force, magnetic torque and moment, dipole and magnetic field, Magnetic materials and properties, magnetic boundary conditions, inductors and inductance, magnetic energy.

Programming 8051 timers/counters, programming 8051 serial ports, programming timer interrupts, programming external hardware interrupts, programming serial communication interrupts. Microcomputer System 8086/8088 Family Architecture Programming and Design - by Liu and GA Gibson PHI, 2nd Edition.

## List of Experiments

Expt.4 Design of FIR Low pass, High pass, Band pass and Band stop filters using (i) Blackman window (ii) Hamming window (iii) Hanning window. Expt.5 Design of Digital IIR- (i) Low pass (ii) High pass (iii) Band pass (iv) Band stop filter using Butterworth approximation.

## No. of Lectures: 6

Describe the OOPS concepts of inheritance, overriding, and polymorphism in JAVA and use them to solve real-life problems. Introduction to OOP, Objects and Classes, Characteristics of OOP, Difference between OOP and Procedural Oriented Programming.

No. of Lectures: 8

No. of Lectures: 8

No. of Lectures: 3

No. of Lectures: 2

## No. of Lectures: 2

• Understand the tools used to quantify the quality of wireless signals: Spectrum analysis, Time domain analysis, Code domain analysis, Joint time and frequency analysis, cyclostationarity
• a) Generation of digital modulated/demodulated waveforms such as, BPSK, QPSK, QAM, etc
• Investigation of the characteristics of Matched Filter and implement Matched Filter based signal detection. Investigations of the eye diagrams
• Generation of PN sequence, Performance analysis of CDMA systems and Rake receiver
• Simulation of OFDM transceiver, and bit error, performance study in an AWGN channel
• To model a system utilizing linear block coding and then utilize Hamming Codes for error correction
• Generation of I/Q Signals; Determine the frequency discrepancy between the transmitter and the receiver
• a) Introduction to Modulation and Demodulation/Decoding: BPSK, QPSK, etc
• Introduction to FSK Transmitter and Receiver; Determine the frequency offset between the transmitter and receiver. Also study the error performance
• Simulation of a QPSK modulated Digital Communication system considering channel effect and noise
• Study of OFDM transceiver, and bit error, performance study in an AWGN channel

UNIT-VI: Introduction to Wireless Services: GSM, CDMA, LTE, VoLTE, WLAN, Wi-Max, WPAN etc. Introduction to Wireless Front End: Hardware components (LNA, filters, VCO…), and system analysis along with some dimensions; Understanding the impact of RF disturbances on the system.

## Advanced Techniques in CMOS logic circuit: Pseudo nMOS; Tri-state; Clocked CMOS;

59 Objectives: This course enables students to learn about the configuration and simulation of very large-scale integrated circuits and systems. CMOS inverters -static and dynamic characteristics, CMOS NAND, NOR and XOR gates, Layout design and simulation.

## Professional Electives

This course attempts to bridge the student knowledge gap between the functionality of computer hardware and the performance of a typical high-level language. An understanding of the design and operation of a central processing unit (CPU) including the datapath components and the controller.

Basic comparator, Zero crossing detector, Schmit Trigger, Voltage limiters, V to F and F to V converters, Clippers and clamps, Peak detector, sample and hold circuit, A to D and D to A converters.

High-pass and low-pass RC circuits and their response for sinusoidal, step voltage, pulse, square wave and ramp inputs.

Non-Linear Wave Shaping

Switching Characteristics of Devices

Multivibrators

Time Base Generators

## Synchronization and Frequency Division

Feedback characteristics of control systems: Feedback and non-feedback systems, advantages and disadvantages of negative feedback, regenerative feedback. Control systems and components: DC and AC servo motors, synchros, tachogenerator and stepper motors, ADC and.

## Resistive Sensors: Potentiometer, Strain gauges, Resistance Thermometer, Thermistor

Draw the pole-zero diagram and the root loci, which is the change in location of the poles as parameters of a system are varied. Understand the meaning of proportional control, integral control and derivative control, delay compensation and lead compensation, and how to use them to achieve desired stability, steady state error and frequency response.

## Digital And Semiconductor Sensors : Position Encoders, Resonant Sensors, Sensors Based On Semiconductor Junctions, Sensors Based On MOSFET Transistors, Charge-Coupled And CMOS

Unit-III: Time division switching: Basic time division space switching, basic time division time switching, multiple time space switching, multiple time switching, combinational switching, triple combinational switching phase, N-phase combination switching. The next goal is to introduce the basic techniques used in implementing secure network communications and to give them an understanding of common threats and their defenses.

## Data Link Layer: Framing Techniques; Error Detection/Correction Techniques;

Networking: Network criteria, physical structures, network models, classification of computer networks, interconnection of networks: Internetwork, Switching: Circuit, packet and virtual circuit switching technologies; Network models and architectures: Layered tasks, OSI model, Layer i. Transmission reductions; Network performance measures including throughput, delays; Software Defined Radio Architecture; Interface to physical layer.

Unit-I: Overview of Optical Fibers and Waveguides: Basics of optical fibers (single/multimode, step/scale index), Normalized frequency, description of modes, distortions in optical fibers (attenuation and dispersion), dispersion shifted and scattered fibers, birefringence of fibers, Concepts of solitons, loss mechanism in fiber (Loss - Insertion, Return, Intrinsic, Reflection, etc.), Dielectric plate waveguide (Modes in symmetric plate waveguide, State of mode, TE & TM polarization, Higher mode Mode pattern, Description of fiber cable and fiber splicing 7 L) Unit-II: Optical source 1 – LASER: Main requirements for an optical source, direct semiconductor and cross-band, Description of different efficiencies in optical sources, Introduction to LASER, Population. Inversion, Einstein Coefficients for Absorption and Emission, Laser Oscillations. Unit-V: Optical Devices Based on Electro-Optical Effects: Electro-Optical Effects (Kerr, Pockels and Faraday Effects), Q-switching, Electro-Optical Modulators, Kerr Modulators, Magneto-Optical Devices, Electro-Optical Amplitude Modulation, Acousto-optic effect and equipment. 5 L) Unit-VI: Optoelectronic devices and systems: Overview of optical sensors and its advantage over conventional sensors, Intensity modulated optical fiber sensors, Interferometric optical fiber sensors;.

ECx5126 Computer vision and its applications L-T-P: 3-0-0; Cr: 03 Prerequisites: (i) Digital Signal Processing, (ii) Signals and Systems and (iii) Linear Algebra. Understand the concept and properties of entropy and mutual information as applied to information.

## Asynchronous Sequential Machine: Introduction to asynchronous sequential machine, Fundamental mode and Pulse mode asynchronous sequential machine, Secondary state

Realization of state diagram and state table from verbal description, Mealy and Moore model machines state table and transition diagram.

## Unit IV: State Machine: Algorithmic state machine and fundamental concept of hardware/

Course outcome: After successfully completing the course, the student will be able to understand the operation of micro devices, micro systems and their use. CO1: Understand the basic operating principle of a satellite communication system CO2: Plan and analyze a satellite link.

## Unit I: Introduction: Introduction to EMC and EMC Requirements for Electronic Systems; EMC standards and Regulations for export to Europe and USA; European Community Directive on EMC

Understand operational amplifier design using MOS and their characteristics, compensation techniques and stability analysis. The objective of this course is for the student to develop the skills to analyze and model the non-ideal aspects of device design that are related to electromagnetic compatibility issues.

Unit III: Electrostatic Discharge: Partial charge and partial capacitance; Induction charging and conduction charging with example of two body problem; Human body model and charged device

CO1: Understand the legal and quality aspects of limiting emissions of commercial products CO2: Model the non-ideal behavior of electronic components.

## Unit IV: Ion implantation : Range theory, Equipments, annealing, shallow junction, high energy

Understand the basic concepts of speech production and perception, the source of information in the speech signal, the applications of speech signal processing for the modern world. Understand the concepts of speech signal analysis and processing for extracting relevant information and enhancing speech signals in the presence of various background noises.

## Introduction: Formal statement of an unconstrained and constrained optimization problem;

- Wheel selection, ranking selection, tournament selection and discussion of merits and demerits of different selection schemes; the concept of elitism in gene selection and its impact on convergence of GA;. different types of crossovers like single point crossover, two point crossover, multipoint crossover, uniform crossover, matrix crossover and comparison of different crossover operators;. Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) vocabulary; Ants' path-finding:. determination of Probability of selecting a node depending on Pheromone routes;.

Inverter: Classification, working principle of step-up and step-down cyclo-converter, single-phase to single-phase cyclo-converter with resistive and inductive load, three-phase to single-phase cyclo-converter, half-wave and full-wave, cosine wave crossing technique. Converter: Classification, Basic Series and Enhanced Series Inverter, Parallel Inverter, Single Phase Voltage Source Inverter, Steady State Analysis, Half Bridge and Full Bridge Inverter, Modified McMurray and Modified Mc Murray Bedford Inverter, Voltage Regulation in Single Phase Inverters, PWM Inverter, Derating of harmonics, current source inverter, three-phase bridge.

Optical Sources I (Light Emitting Diode): Light Emitting Diode - Power and Efficiency;

## Unit VII: Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks: Fundamentals of optical coherent systems, Coherent detection principles, Modulation and demodulation schemes, SONET/

UNIT-I: Introduction to Machine Learning, pattern recognition and basics of pixel relationships, types of learning (supervised, unsupervised, reinforcement, regressive). Introduction to wireless communication and types of wireless communication, frequencies and ranges used, basic challenges and requirements, different generations of wireless network.

The Four Pillars of the Internet of Things, The DNA of the Internet of Things - A Toolkit Approach to End-User Engagement in the Internet of Things. Yang, Huansheng Ning, “The Internet of Things: From RFID to the Pervasive Next-Generation Network,” Ed.

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