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CLASS : 11th

(Eleventh) Series : 11-April/2021

Roll No.

jktuhfr'kkL=

jktuhfr'kkL= jktuhfr'kkL=

jktuhfr'kkL=

POLITICAL SCIENCE [

fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth ek/;e

]

[ Hindi and English Medium ] (Only for Fresh/School Candidates)

le;

: 221

?k.Vs

] [

iw.kk±d

: 80

Time allowed : 221 hours ] [ Maximum Marks : 80

••

Ñi;k tk¡p dj ysa fd bl iz'u

-

i= esa eqfnzr i`"B

16

rFkk iz'u

53

gSaA

Please make sure that the printed pages in this question paper are 16 in number and it contains 53 questions.

••

••

iz'u

-

i= esa lcls Åij fn;s x;s dksM uEcj dksM uEcj dksM uEcj dksM uEcj dks Nk= mÙkj

-

iqfLrdk ds eq[;

-

i`"B ij fy[ksaA

The Code No. on the top of the question paper should be written by the candidate on the front page of the answer-book.

Ñi;k iz'u dk mÙkj fy[kuk 'kq: djus ls igys] iz'u dk Øekad vo'; fy[ksaA

Before beginning to answer a question, its Serial Number must be written.

mÙkj

-

iqfLrdk ds chp esa [kkyh iUuk

/

iUus u NksMsa+A

Don’t leave blank page/pages in your answer-book.

••

mÙkj

-

iqfLrdk ds vfrfjDr dksbZ vU; 'khV ugha feysxhA vr% vko';drkuqlkj gh fy[ksa vkSj fy[kk mÙkj u dkVsaA

Except answer-book, no extra sheet will be given. Write to the point and do not strike the written answer.

ijh{kkFkhZ viuk jksy ua0 iz'u&i= ij vo'; fy[ksaA

Candidates must write their Roll Number on the question paper.

(2)

••

••

d`i;k iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsus lss iwoZ ;g lqfuf'pr dj ysa fd iz'u

-

i= iw.kZ o lgh gS] ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA

lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA

Before answering the question, ensure that you have been supplied the correct and complete question paper, no claim in this regard, will be entertained after examination.

lkekU; funsZ'k % lkekU; funsZ'k % lkekU; funsZ'k % lkekU; funsZ'k %

General Instructions :

(i)

lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds vad muds lkeus n'kkZ, x, gSaA

All questions are compulsory. Marks of each question are indicated against it.

(ii)

iz'u Øekad

1

ls

40

rd oLrqfu"B iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ,d ,d ,d ,d vad dk gSA buesa ls iz'u la0

1

ls ysdj

15

rd cgqfodYih; iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u esa pkj pkj pkj pkj fodYi fn;s x, gSa ftuesa ls lgh lgh lgh fodYi lgh dk p;u dhft;sA iz'u la[;k

16

ls

30

rd izR;sd iz'u dk mÙkj ,d 'kCn ,d 'kCn ,d 'kCn esa nhft;s rFkk iz'u ,d 'kCn la[;k

31

ls

40

rd ds iz'uksa ds mÙkj fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ djds nhft;sA

Questions from 1 to 40 are Objective Type Questions. Each question is of one-mark. Questions from 1 to 15 are multiple choice type questions. Each question carries four options. Select the correct options of these questions.

Questions from 16 to 30 are one-word answer questions and questions from 31 to 40 are related to fill in the blanks.

(iii)

ç'u la[;k

41

ls

45

rd vfr&y?kwÙkjkRed iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u nks nks nks nks vadksa dk gSA izR;sd iz'u dk mÙkj ,d ,d ,d ;k nks okD;ksa ,d nks okD;ksa nks okD;ksa esa nhft;sA nks okD;ksa

Question numbers 41 to 45 are Very Short Answer Type Questions. Each question is of two marks. The answer of these questions should be given in one or two sentences.

(3)

(iv)

ç'u la[;k

46

ls

50

rd y?kwÙkjkRed iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u rhu rhu rhu vadksa dk gSA izR;sd iz'u dk rhu mÙkj yxHkx

50

ls

60

'kCnksa esa nhft;sA

Question numbers 46 to 50 are Short Answer Type Questions. Each question is of three marks. The answer of each question should approximately be in 50 to 60 words.

(v)

ç'u la[;k

51

ls

53

rd fucU/kkRed iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ik¡p ik¡p ik¡p ik¡p vadksa dk gSA izR;sd iz'u dk mÙkj yxHkx

100

ls

120

'kCnksa esa nhft;sA

Question numbers 51 to 53 are Essay Type Questions. Each question is of five marks. The answer of these questions should approximately be in 100 to 120 words.

(vi)

lHkh fucU/kkRed iz'uksa esa vkarfjd NwV miyC/k gSA ,sls iz'uksa esa ls vkidks dsoy ,d dsoy ,d dsoy ,d gh iz'u dsoy ,d djuk gSA

Internal choice is available in all Essay Type Questions. You have to attempt only one of the given choice in regard to such questions.

[

oLrqfu"B oLrqfu"B oLrqfu"B oLrqfu"B ç'u ç'u ç'u ç'u

]

[ Objective Type Questions ]

cgqfodYih; ç'u % cgqfodYih; ç'u % cgqfodYih; ç'u %

cgqfodYih; ç'u % fn, x;s pkj pkj pkj fodYiksa esa ls lgh pkj lgh lgh lgh fodYi dk p;u dhft;s %

Multiple Choice Type Questions : Choose the correct option from the given four options in the following :

1.

fuEufyf[kr ,d fo}ku ijEijkxr jktuhfrd fl)kUr dk leFkZd gS %

1

(A)

MsfoM bZLVu

(B)

jkWcVZ ,0 Mgy

(C)

IysVks

(D)

yklosy

The following one thinker is the supporter of Traditional Political Theory :

(A) David Easton (B) Robert A. Dahl

(C) Plato (D) Lasswell

(4)

2.

fuEufyf[kr jktuhfrd fl)kUr ds {ks= esa lfEefyr gS %

1

(A)

'kfDr dk v/;;u

(B)

jkT; ,oa ljdkj dk v/;;u

(C)

ekuo O;ogkj dk v/;;u

(D)

mijksDr lHkh

The following is included in the scope of Political Theory : (A) Study of Power

(B) Study of State and Govt.

(C) Study of human behaviour (D) All of the above

3.

fuEufyf[kr fo}ku Lora=rk vkSj lekurk dks ^,d&nwljs dk iwjd* ekurk gS %

1

(A)

:lks

(B)

izks0 iksykMZ

(C)

izks0 vkj0 ,p0 VkWuh

(D)

mijksDr lHkh

The following thinker regards liberty and equality as 'complimentary to each- other' :

(A) Rousseau (B) Prof. Pollard

(C) Prof. R. H. Tawney (D) All of the above

(5)

4.

tkWu ykWd us fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdls izkÑfrd vf/kdkj ugha ugha ugha ugha ekuk gS \

1

(A)

thou dk vf/kdkj

(B)

lekurk dk vf/kdkj

(C)

Lora=rk dk vf/kdkj

(D)

laifÙk dk vf/kdkj

John Locke had not regarded as Natural Right of which one of the following ? (A) Right to Life

(B) Right to Equality (C) Right to Freedom (D) Right to Property

5.

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k }kjk ekuo vf/kdkjksa dh lkoZHkkSfed ?kks"k.kk fdl o"kZ gqbZ \

1

(A)

lu~

1948

esa

(B)

lu~

1950

esa

(C)

lu~

1952

esa

(D)

lu~

1954

esa

In which year The United Nations has made Universal Declaration of Human Rights ?

(A) In 1948 (B) In 1950 (C) In 1952 (D) In 1954

(6)

6.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; fooknksa ds lek/kku gsrq fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu&lk mik; lgh ugha ugha ugha ugha gS \

1

(A)

okrkZ

(B)

tk¡p vk;ksx

(C)

;q) ,oa vlg;ksx

(D)

iap&fu.kZ;

Which one of the following methods is not correct for the solution of International Disputes ?

(A) Negotiation

(B) Enquiry Commission (C) War and Noncooperation (D) Arbitration

7.

lafo/kku lHkk dh izFke cSBd gqbZ %

1

(A) 7

fnlEcj]

1947

esa

(B) 9

fnlEcj]

1946

esa

(C) 3

twu]

1947

esa

(D) 14

tqykbZ]

1947

esa

The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on : (A) 7th December, 1947

(B) 9th December, 1946 (C) 3rd June, 1947 (D) 14th July, 1947

(7)

8.

fuEufyf[kr ns'k dk lafo/kku vfyf[kr gS %

1

(A)

phu

(B)

xzsV&fczVsu

(C)

Ýkal

(D)

fLoV~t+jyS.M

The Constiution of following country is unwritten :

(A) China (B) Great Britain (U. K.)

(C) France (D) Switzerland

9.

jk"Vªifr dk in fjDr gksus ij dk;Zokgd jk"Vªifr ds :i esa dkSu dk;Z djrk gS \

1

(A)

loksZPp U;k;ky; dk eq[; U;k;k/kh'k

(B)

iz/kkuea=h

(C)

mijk"Vªifr

(D)

yksdlHkk dk v/;{k

Who works as Acting President when the office of President falls vacant ? (A) Chief Justice of Supreme Court

(B) Prime Minister (C) Vice-President

(D) Speaker of Lok-Sabha

10.

yksdlHkk esa vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds fy;s fdrus LFkku vkjf{kr gSa \

1

(A) 79 (B) 84

(C) 86 (D) 90

How many seats are reserved for Schedule Castes in Lok Sabha ?

(A) 79 (B) 84

(C) 86 (D) 90

(8)

11.

mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'kksa dk rcknyk dkSu dj ldrk gS \

1

(A)

jk"Vªifr

(B)

jkT;iky

(C)

laln

(D)

loksZPp U;k;ky;

Who can transfer the Judges of High-Court ?

(A) President (B) Governor

(C) Parliament (D) Supreme Court

12.

fuEufyf[kr esa dkSu&lk izR;{k pquko iz.kkyh dk xq.k gS \

1

(A)

vf/kd yksdrkaf=d

(B)

[kpZ de gksuk

(C)

;ksX; rFkk cqf)eku O;fDr;ksa dk pquko

(D)

jktuhfrd nyksa dk izHkko de gksuk

Which one of the following is the merit of Direct Election System ? (A) More democratic system

(B) Less expensive

(C) It elects able and talented persons (D) Reduces the influence of Political Parties

13.

fuEu ,d vkuqikfrd izfrfuf/kRo iz.kkyh dh 'krZ gS %

1

(A)

,d&lnL; fuokZpu {ks=

(B)

cgq&lnL; fuokZpu {ks=

(C)

'kgjh fuokZpu {ks=

(D)

xzkeh.k fuokZpu {ks=

(9)

The following one is the condition of Proportional Representation System : (A) Single-member Constituencies

(B) Multi-member Constituencies (C) Urban Constituencies

(D) Rural Constituencies

14.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds fuEufyf[kr vuqPNsn esa laln ds lk/kkj.k cgqer ls la'kks/ku fd;k tk ldrk gS %

1

(A)

vuqPNsn

3

esa

(B)

vuqPNsn

106

esa

(C)

vuqPNsn

343

esa

(D)

mi;qZDr lHkh

The following Article of Indian Constitution can be amended by simple majority of Parliament :

(A) Article 3 (B) Article 106

(C) Article 343 (D) All of the above

15.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa /keZ&fujis{krk dk vFkZ gS %

1

(A)

jkT; /keZ fo#) gS

(B)

jkT; /kkfeZd gS

(C)

jkT; dk dksbZ jkt/keZ ugha gksrk

(D)

jkT; v/kkfeZd gS

The meaning of Secularism in Indian Constitution is : (A) State is anti religious

(B) State is religious

(C) State has no religion of its own (D) State is irreligious

(10)

,d 'kCn ,d 'kCn ,d 'kCn

,d 'kCn esa mÙkj nhft, % esa mÙkj nhft, % esa mÙkj nhft, % esa mÙkj nhft, %

Give answer in one word :

16.

^ikWfyfVDl*

(Politics)

uked iqLrd ds ys[kd dkSu gSa \

1

Who is the author of the book 'Politics' ?

17.

^^jktuhfr 'kfDr dks cukus o mlesa Hkkx ysus dk v/;;u gSA** ;g fdlus dgk \

1

"Politics is the study of shaping and sharing of power." Who said it ?

18.

^^euq"; Lora= iSnk gqvk gS] ijarq izR;sd LFkku ij og ca/kuksa esa ca/kk gqvk gSA** ;g dFku fdldk gS \

1

"Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains." Whose statement is this ?

19.

fdl izdkj dh lekurk esa tUe ds vk/kkj ij lHkh euq";ksa dks leku ekuk tkrk gS \

1

In which type of Equality, all men are treated equal on the basis of birth ?

20.

dkuwuh vf/kdkj fdldh LohÑfr ls izkIr gksrs gSa \

1

Legal Rights are given by whose sanction ?

21.

D;k fo'o'kkafr dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s fu'kL=hdj.k vko';d gS \

1

Is Disarmament necessary for the establishment of World Peace ?

22.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dc ykxw fd;k x;k \

1

When was Indian Constitution implemented ?

(11)

23.

lafo/kku lHkk dh elkSnk lfefr ds v/;{k dkSu Fks \

1

Who was the Chairman of the Draft Committee of Constituent Assembly ? 24.

MkW0 ch0 vkj0 vEcsMdj ds fdl ekSfyd vf/kdkj dks ^lafo/kku dh vkRek* dgk gS \

1

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar had called which Fundamental Right as 'The Soul of Constitution' ?

25.

yksdlHkk esa ^la?kh; ctV* dkSu is'k djrk gS \

1

Who presents 'Union Budget' in Lok Sabha ?

26.

yksdlHkk dks dkSu Hkax dj ldrk gS \

1

Who can dissolve Lok Sabha ?

27.

Hkkjr esa vc rd yksdlHkk ds fdrus pquko gks pqds gSa \

1

How many elections of Lok Sabha have been held, till date ?

28.

Hkkjr esa izFke vke pquko fdl o"kZ gq, \

1

In which year, the First General Elections in India were held ?

29.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa la'kks/ku djus dh izfØ;k dk o.kZu lafo/kku ds fdl vuqPNsn esa fd;k x;k gS \

1

In which article of Indian Constitution, The Amendment Process has been described ?

30.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh izLrkouk esa fdl izdkj ds U;k; dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gS \

1

Which type of Justice has been described in Preamble of Indian Constitution ?

(12)

fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft;s % fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft;s % fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft;s % fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft;s %

Fill in the blanks :

31.

^iksfyl*

(Polis)

'kCn] ftlls

Poltics

¼jktuhfr½ 'kCn dh mRifÙk gqbZ gS] --- Hkk"kk dk 'kCn gSA

1

'The word 'Polis', from which 'Politics' word had been originated is the word of

…………. language.

32.

vaxzsth Hkk"kk ds ^fycVhZ*

(Liberty)

'kCn dh mRifÙk ysfVu Hkk"kk ds --- 'kCn ls gqbZ gSA

1

The word 'Liberty' of English language is originated from the …………. of Latin language.

33.

^, F;ksjh vkWQ tfLVl*

(1971)

uked iqLrd ds ys[kd --- gSaA

1

The name of the author of 'A Theory of Justice' (1971), book is …………. .

34.

orZeku esa Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa dqy --- vuqlwfp;k¡ gSaA

1

At present, there are total ………….. schedules in Indian Constitution.

35.

lafo/kku ds vuqqPNsn

37

ds vuqlkj jkT; ds uhfr funs'kd fl)kar --- gSaA

1

According to Article 37 of Constitution, the Directive Principles of State Policy are ………….. .

36.

Hkkjr ds orZeku jk"Vªifr Jh --- gSaA

1

The present President of India is Shri ……… .

37.

jk"Vªifr jkT;lHkk esa --- lnL; euksuhr djrk gSA

1

The President nominates …………. members in Rajya Sabha.

(13)

38.

Hkkjr esa yksdlHkk dk pquko yM+us ds fy;s U;wure vk;q --- o"kZ dh gksuh pkfg,A

1

In India, the minimum age of contesting elections for Lok Sabha should be

………….. years.

39.

Hkkjr dk orZeku lafo/kku va'kr% --- vkSj va'kr% --- gSA

1

Present Indian Constitution is partly …………. and partly ……… .

40.

lafo/kku ds mís'; dk o.kZu lafo/kku dh --- esa gksrk gSA

1

The objectives of Constitution are described in the ………….. of Constitution.

[

vfr&y?kwÙkjk vfr&y?kwÙkjk vfr&y?kwÙkjk vfr&y?kwÙkjkRed ç'u Red ç'u Red ç'u Red ç'u

]

[ Very Short Answer Type Questions ]

41.

ldkjkRed Lora=rk dh dksbZ nksnksnksnks fo'ks"krk,¡ fyf[k,A

2

Mention any two features of Positive Liberty.

42.

^volj dh lekurk* ls vkidk D;k vfHkizk; gS \

2

What do you mean by 'Equality of Opportunity' ?

43.

lkekftd U;k; dk D;k vFkZ gS \

2

What is the meaning of Social Justice ?

44.

Hkkjrh; yksdra= dks izHkkfor djus okys fdUgha nksnksnksnks lkekftd&vkfFkZd dkjdksa dk mYys[k dhft,A

2

Mention any two Social-Economic factors that influences Indian Democracy.

(14)

45.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh izLrkouk dh vkykspuk ds dksbZ nksnksnksnks vk/kkj fyf[k,A

2

Mention any two grounds of criticism of the Preamble of Indian Constitution.

[

y?kwÙkjkRed ç'u y?kwÙkjkRed ç'u y?kwÙkjkRed ç'u y?kwÙkjkRed ç'u

]

[ Short Answer Type Questions ]

46.

fdUgha pkj pkj pkj pkj dkuwuh dÙkZO;ksa dk o.kZu dhft,A

3

Describe any four legal duties.

47.

'kL=hdj.k dh vo/kkj.kk ls 'kkafr dSls Hkax gksrh gS \ fdUgha rhu rhu rhu rhu rdksZa }kjk Li"V dhft,A

3

How the concept of Armament disrupts peace ? Explain it by giving any three arguments.

48.

Hkkjr esa lalnh; 'kklu iz.kkyh dh dksbZ rhu rhu rhu rhu fo'ks"krk,¡ fyf[k;sA

3

Describe any three features of Parliamentary System of India.

49.

yksdlHkk ds Lihdj dh dksbZ ik¡p ik¡p ik¡p ik¡p 'kfDr;k¡ fyf[k;sA

3

Write any five powers of the Speaker of Lok Sabha.

50.

Hkkjrh; pquko iz.kkyh ds dksbZ rhu rhu rhu rhu nks"k fyf[k,A

3

Write any three weaknesses of the Indian Electoral System.

(15)

[

fucU/kkRed iz'u fucU/kkRed iz'u fucU/kkRed iz'u fucU/kkRed iz'u

]

[ Essay Type Questions ]

51.

xk¡/khoknh ekWMy esa fodkl ds vkfFkZd i{k ij xk¡/khth ds fopkj fyf[k,A

5

Describe Gandhiji's views on economic aspect of Gandhian Model of Development.

vFkok vFkok vFkok vFkok

OR

cktkj vFkZO;oLFkk ds fodkl ds ekWMy ds dksbZ rhu rhu rhu rhu xq.k rFkk rhu rhu rhu rhu nks"k fyf[k,A

5

Write any three merits and three demerits of market economy model of development.

52.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa vafdr uhfr&funs'kd fl)kUrksa dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft,A

5

Describe the salient features of Directive Principles as enumerated in Indian Constitution.

vFkok vFkok vFkok vFkok

OR

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa of.kZr ekSfyd vf/kdkjksa dh fdu vk/kkjksa ij vkykspuk dh tkrh gS \ o.kZu djsaA

5

On what grounds the Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution are criticized ? Explain them.

(16)

53.

Hkkjrh; loksZPp U;k;ky; ds {ks=kf/kdkj dk o.kZu dhft;sA

5

Describe the Jurisdiction of Supreme Court of India.

vFkok vFkok vFkok vFkok

OR

^U;kf;d lfØ;rk* ds i{k esa vius rdZ nhft;sA

5

Give your arguments in favour of 'Judicial Activism'.

S

Figure

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References

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