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Code No. 1516

CLASS : 11th (Eleventh) Series : 11-April/2021

Roll No.

n'kZu'kkL=

n'kZu'kkL=

n'kZu'kkL=

n'kZu'kkL=

PHILOSOPHY [ fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth ek/;e ]

[ Hindi and English Medium ] (Only for Fresh/School Candidates)

le; : 221 ?k.Vs ] [ iw.kk±d : 80

Time allowed : 221 hours ] [ Maximum Marks : 80

Ñi;k tk¡p dj ysa fd bl iz'u-i= esa eqfnzr i`"B 8 rFkk iz'u 53 gSaA

Please make sure that the printed pages in this question paper are 8 in number and it contains 53 questions.

iz'u-i= esa lcls Åij fn;s x;s dksM uEcjdksM uEcjdksM uEcjdksM uEcj dks Nk= mÙkj-iqfLrdk ds eq[;-i`"B ij fy[ksaA

The Code No. on the top of the question paper should be written by the candidate on the front page of the answer-book.

Ñi;k iz'u dk mÙkj fy[kuk 'kq: djus ls igys] iz'u dk Øekad vo'; fy[ksaA

Before beginning to answer a question, its Serial Number must be written.

mÙkj-iqfLrdk ds chp esa [kkyh iUuk/iUus u NksMsa+A

Don’t leave blank page/pages in your answer-book.

mÙkj-iqfLrdk ds vfrfjDr dksbZ vU; 'khV ugha feysxhA vr% vko';drkuqlkj gh fy[ksa vkSj fy[kk mÙkj u dkVsaA

Except answer-book, no extra sheet will be given. Write to the point and do not strike the written answer.

(2)

ijh{kkFkhZ viuk jksy ua0 iz'u&i= ij vo'; fy[ksaA

Candidates must write their Roll Number on the question paper.

d`i;k iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsus lss iwoZ ;g lqfuf'pr dj ysa fd iz'u-i= iw.kZ o lgh gS] ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl ijh{kk ds mijkUr bl lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA

lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkAlEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA lEcU/k esa dksbZ Hkh nkok Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA

Before answering the question, ensure that you have been supplied the correct and complete question paper, no claim in this regard, will be entertained after examination.

uksVuksV uksVuksV %%%%

iz'u i= ds pkjpkjpkjpkj [k.M gSa % v] c] lv] c] lv] c] lv] c] l ,oa nnnnA lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaAlHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaAlHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA

There are four Sections in this question paper : A, B, C and D. All questions are compulsory.

[k.M [k.M [k.M [k.M vvvv

SECTION – A

ç'u la[;k 1ls 3 rd fucU/kkRed iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u 5 vad dk gSA

Question Nos. 1 to 3 are essay type questions. Each question carries 5 marks.

1. fujh{k.k fdrus izdkj ds gSa \ O;k[;k djsaA

How many types of Observation ? Explain.

vFkok vFkok vFkok vFkok

OR

ifjdYiuk fdrus izdkj dh gSa \ O;k[;k dhft,A

How many types of Hypothesis ? Explain.

2. U;k; n'kZu esa vuqeku dh O;k[;k djsaA

Explain the inference in Nyaya Philosophy.

(3)

vFkok vFkok vFkok vFkok

OR

rdZ'kkL= ds Lo:i dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain the nature of Logic.

3. fujis{k U;k; okD; dh oS/krk ds fu;e D;k gSa \

What are the rules of validity of categorical syllogism ?

vFkok vFkok vFkok vFkok

OR

in dh O;kfIr D;k gS \ O;k[;k djsaA

What is Distribution of Term ? Explain.

[k.M [k.M [k.M [k.M cccc

SECTION – B

ç'u la[;k 4ls 8 rd y?kwÙkjkRed iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u 3 vad dk gSA

Question Nos. 4 to 8 are short answer type questions. Each question carries 3 marks.

4. lk/kkj.k x.kuk vkxeu D;k gS \

What is Induction by Simple Enumeration ? 5. in D;k gS \

What is term ?

6. U;k; n'kZu esa vizek D;k gS \

What is Aprama in Nyaya Philosophy ? 7. fujh{k.k D;k gS \

What is Observation ? 8. ifjdYiuk D;k gS \

What is Hypothesis ?

(4)

[k.M [k.M [k.M [k.M llll

SECTION – C

ç'u la[;k 9ls 13 rd vfr y?kwÙkjh; iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u 2 vad dk gSA

Question Nos. 9 to 13 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries 2 marks.

9. LokFkkZuqeku D;k gS \

What is Svarthanumana ?

10. vuqeku dk rkfdZd vk/kkj D;k gS \

What is the logical foundation of Inference ?

11. rdZ'kkL= dk {ks= D;k gS \

What is the scope of Logic ?

12. oSKkfud vkxeu D;k gS \

What is Scientific Induction ?

13. Hksn dh fof/k D;k gS \

What is the method of Difference ?

[k.M [k.M [k.M [k.M nnnn

SECTION – D

ç'u la[;k 14ls 53 rd oLrqfu"B iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u 1 vad dk gSA

Question Nos. 14 to 53 are objective type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.

14. vkxeu lkekU; ls fo'ks"k dh vksj tkrk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Induction goes from general to particular. True/False

15. vkxeu fof/k vkxeukRed Nykax ij vk/kkfjr gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Induction method is based on inductive leap. True/False

(5)

16. lk/kkj.k x.kuk vkxeu ^^vuqHko dh ,d:irk** ij vk/kkfjr gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Simple Enumeration is based on "Uniformity of Experience". True/False

17. lk/kkj.k x.kuk vkxeu dkj.krk LFkkfir djrk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Simple Enumeration established causal connection. True/False

18. fujh{k.k dk {ks= iz;ksx ls --- gksrk gSA fo'kkyfo'kky@@@@NksVkfo'kkyfo'kky NksVkNksVk NksVk

The scope of observation is …………. than that of experiment. Large/Short

19. fujh{k.k dk foKku esa dksbZ mi;ksx ughaughaughaugha gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Observation has no use in science. True/False

20. iz;ksx esa ge ?kVuk dks nksgjk ldrs gSaA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

In experiment we can repeat the fact. True/False

21. iz;ksx esa ge dkj.k ls ifj.kke dh vksj tk ldrs gSaA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

In experiment we go from cause to effect. True/False

22. fujh{k.k ls ge ?kVuk dh fLFkfr;ksa dks vyx dj ldrs gSaA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

In observation we can isolate the condition of a fact. True/False

23. oSKkfud fujh{k.k dk mís'; lR; dh [kkst djuk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

The aim of scientific observation is search of truth. True/False

24. vUo; dh fof/k lk/kkj.k fujh{k.k ij fuHkZj gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

"Method of Agreement" is based on simple observation. True/False

25. Hksn dh fof/k dk {ks= fujh{k.k tSlk fo'kky gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Method of difference has as wide a scope at that of observation. True/False

26. vUo; vkSj Hksn dh la;qDr fof/k }kjk cgqdkj.krkokn xyr fl) gksrk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Joint method of Agreement & Difference can disprove plurality of cause.

True/False

(6)

27. Hksn dh fof/k iz;ksx dh fof/k gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Method of difference is a method of experiment. True/False

28. ifjdYiuk fdlh ?kVuk dk dfYir dkj.k gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Hypothesis is the supposed cause of an event. True/False

29. ifjdYiuk oSKkfud vkxeu dk ,d vax gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Hypothesis is one of the step in scientific induction. True/False

30. ifjdYiuk igys fl) fd, gq, fu;eksa dk fojks/k dj ldrh gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Hypothesis may clash with already proved laws. True/False

31. fl) gksdj ifjdYiuk fu;e cu tkrh gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

After proof, hypothesis becomes a law. True/False

32. tks ifjdYiuk ,d {ks= esa dqN dke pykrh gS mls --- ifjdYiuk dgrs gSaA dke pykÅdke pykÅ@@@@okLrfoddke pykÅdke pykÅ okLrfodokLrfodokLrfod

A hypothesis which proves useful in a field is known as ………… hypothesis.

Working/Real

33. ,d vPNh ifjdYiuk dks --- ij vk/kkfjr gksuk pkfg,A okLrfod rF;okLrfod rF;okLrfod rF;okLrfod rF;@@@@fu;eksafu;eksafu;eksa fu;eksa

A good hypothesis is based on ………….. . Real fact/Laws

34. xkSre U;k; n'kZu ds izoÙkZd FksA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Gautam was the founder of Nyaya Philosophy. True/False

35. vuqeku O;kfIr ds fcuk lEHko gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Inference is possible without Vyapti. True/False

36. ijkFkkZuqeku esa ik¡p vo;o gksrs gSaA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

There are five constituents in Prarthanumana. True/False

(7)

37. vuqeku tks vius fy, fd;k tkrk gS] LokFkkZuqeku dgykrk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

The inference which is for ownself is called Svarthanumana. True/False

38. nks oLrqvksa ds fcuk 'krZ lEcU/k dks O;kfIr dgrs gSaA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Unconditional relation between two objects is called Vyapti. True/False

39. rdZ'kkL= ,d --- foKku gSA vkvkvkvknnnn'kZewyd'kZewyd'kZewyd'kZewyd@@@@izkÑfrdizkÑfrdizkÑfrdizkÑfrd

Logic is a ………… science. Normative/Natural

40. rdZ'kkL= dk eq[; lEcU/k --- ls gSA fofofofopkjpkjpkjpkj@@@@foKkufoKkufoKkufoKku

Logic is mainly concerned with ………….. . Thought/Science

41. rdZ'kkL= lR; ds fu;e dk foKku gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Logic is the science of laws of truth. True/False

42. rdZ'kkL= ls ckSf)d fodkl ugha gksrkA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Logic does not lead to intellectual growth. True/False

43. rdZ'kkL= lPph fo|k iznku djrk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

Logic gives us real education. True/False

44. rdZ'kkL= --- dk foKku gSA foKkuksafoKkuksa@@@@dykvksafoKkuksafoKkuksa dykvksadykvksadykvksa

Logic is the science of ………… . Sciences/Arts

45. ;fn nksuksa vk/kkj okD; fu"ks/kkRed gksa] rks muls dksbZ fu"d"kZ ugha fudysxkA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

If both premises are negative, no conclusion can be drawn from them.

True/False

46. ;fn ,d vk/kkj okD; fu"ks/kkRed gS] rks fu"d"kZ vo'; fu"ks/kkRed gksxkA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

If one of the premises is negative, the conclusion must be negative. True/False

47. ,d U;k; okD; esa pkj in gksus pkfg,A lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

There should be four terms in a Syllogism. True/False

(8)

48. ,d U;k; okD; esa rhu vkSj dsoy rhu rdZokD; gksus pkfg,A lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

There should be three and only three propositions in a Syllogism. True/False

49. ;fn nksuksa vk/kkj okD; fo'ks"k gSa rks dksbZ fu"d"kZ ugha fudy ldrkA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

If both premises are particular, no conclusion can be drawn from them.

True/False

50. jpuk ds vk/kkj ij rdZokD; ds nks izdkj --- gSaA llllkekU; o fo'ks"kkekU; o fo'ks"kkekU; o fo'ks"kkekU; o fo'ks"k@@@@ljy o fefJrljy o fefJrljy o fefJrljy o fefJr

According to composition two types of propositions are ………….. .

Universal and Particular/Simple and Compound

51. lEcU/k ds vk/kkj ij rdZokD; ds nks izdkj fujis{k o lkis{k gSaA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

According to relation two types of propositions are categorical and conditional.

True/False

52. rdZ'kkL= esa ~ izrhd dk iz;ksx fu"ks/k ds fy, gksrk gSA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

In logic ~ symbol is used for negation. True/False

53. ;fn P vkSj Q nksuksa vlR; gSa rks P.Q Hkh vlR; gksxkA lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR; lR;@vlR;lR;@vlR;

If P and Q both are false, P.Q will also be false. True/False

S

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